Rafael Gabriel

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In 1994-1995, a screening and examination survey was conducted to ascertain the prevalence of dementia, Parkinson's disease and stroke in two urban communities and one rural community of central Spain. We use this survey to illustrate many nonclinical aspects of conducting two-phase prevalence surveys. Special emphasis is given to two common weaknesses in(More)
The aim of the study was to obtain the general population norms for the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), a specific questionnaire for respiratory diseases. The IBERPOC project was a cross-sectional study of representative samples of the general population aged between 40-69 yrs. The study sample was composed of 862 individuals. All(More)
We identified 14 door-to-door prevalence surveys on dementia, parkinsonism or stroke in Spanish populations fulfilling specific criteria and combined selected age- and sex-specific data using logistic regression and taking Pamplona as a reference. The prevalence of dementia and of Alzheimer's disease varied significantly with space. However, the largest(More)
OBJECTIVE To ascertain the differences in smoking characteristics between a group of smokers with COPD and another group of healthy smokers, both of which were identified in a population-based epidemiologic study. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS This is an epidemiologic, multicenter, population-based study conducted in seven areas of SPAIN: A total of 4,035(More)
OBJECTIVE Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to test the hypothesis that the components of the metabolic syndrome are manifestations of a single common factor. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Three different datasets were used to test and validate the model. The Spanish and Mauritian studies included 207 men and 203 women and 1,411 men and 1,650(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to assess prevalence rates of cerebrovascular disease (CVD; stroke and transient ischemic attacks) according to age and gender in three populations in central Spain using data from the Neurological Disorders in Central Spain (NEDICES) study, a population-based survey of elderly participants. METHODS Individuals from one suburban(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM To assess the prevalence and correlates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depression and anxiety disorders other than PTSD, among three samples with different level of exposure to the March 11, 2004 terrorist attacks in Madrid. METHOD We sampled three groups of persons-those injured in the attacks, the residents of Alcala(More)
Mexican nationals in Mexico City and Mexican Americans in San Antonio, Tex, have a lower adjusted prevalence of hypertension than San Antonio non-Hispanic whites, especially after adjusting for the greater obesity of San Antonio Mexican Americans. The concomitant examination of a new study from Spain may better explain the association of genetic and(More)
BACKGROUND In Spain, more than 85% of coronary heart disease deaths occur in adults older than 65 years. However, coronary heart disease incidence and mortality in the Spanish elderly have been poorly described. The aim of this study is to estimate the ten-year incidence and mortality rates of myocardial infarction in a population-based large cohort of(More)
The aim of this study was to present the prevalence of stroke from a pilot study in old people. The urban site sample (Madrid) was made up of 397 subjects and the rural site sample (Arévalo, Avila) of 862 subjects. The study was performed with a door-to-door methodology. In the urban sample, the prevalence of stroke was 8.5% (CI 95% = 5.5-11.5%) and that of(More)