Rafael Gabriel

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In 1994-1995, a screening and examination survey was conducted to ascertain the prevalence of dementia, Parkinson's disease and stroke in two urban communities and one rural community of central Spain. We use this survey to illustrate many nonclinical aspects of conducting two-phase prevalence surveys. Special emphasis is given to two common weaknesses in(More)
We identified 14 door-to-door prevalence surveys on dementia, parkinsonism or stroke in Spanish populations fulfilling specific criteria and combined selected age- and sex-specific data using logistic regression and taking Pamplona as a reference. The prevalence of dementia and of Alzheimer's disease varied significantly with space. However, the largest(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to assess prevalence rates of cerebrovascular disease (CVD; stroke and transient ischemic attacks) according to age and gender in three populations in central Spain using data from the Neurological Disorders in Central Spain (NEDICES) study, a population-based survey of elderly participants. METHODS Individuals from one suburban(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM To assess the prevalence and correlates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depression and anxiety disorders other than PTSD, among three samples with different level of exposure to the March 11, 2004 terrorist attacks in Madrid. METHOD We sampled three groups of persons-those injured in the attacks, the residents of Alcala(More)
OBJECTIVE Low-grade chronic inflammation has been hypothesized to underlie the constellation of cardiometabolic risk factors, possibly by inducing insulin resistance. In the present study, we investigated associations between inflammation markers, insulin sensitivity (expressed as the ratio of the M value to the mean plasma insulin concentrations measured(More)
BACKGROUND In Spain, more than 85% of coronary heart disease deaths occur in adults older than 65 years. However, coronary heart disease incidence and mortality in the Spanish elderly have been poorly described. The aim of this study is to estimate the ten-year incidence and mortality rates of myocardial infarction in a population-based large cohort of(More)
The aim of this study was to present the prevalence of stroke from a pilot study in old people. The urban site sample (Madrid) was made up of 397 subjects and the rural site sample (Arévalo, Avila) of 862 subjects. The study was performed with a door-to-door methodology. In the urban sample, the prevalence of stroke was 8.5% (CI 95% = 5.5-11.5%) and that of(More)
OBJECTIVE Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is a marker of subclinical organ damage and predicts cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in the general population. It has also been associated with vascular risk in people with diabetes. However, the association of CIMT change in repeated examinations with subsequent CVD events is uncertain, and its use as a(More)
We report the objectives and case registration methods used by neurologists belonging to the Spanish Neurological Society's dementia group (GERMICIDE). Forerunners of the present project are also described. The group's principal aim, which is to determine the distribution of dementia in the "neurological" environment is pursued by enrolling consecutive(More)