Rafael G. Sola

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Impairment of GABA-mediated inhibition is one of the main hypotheses invoked to explain seizure activity, both in experimental models and in human epilepsy. We have studied the distribution and the neurochemical characteristics of certain GABAergic circuits in the normal and epileptic human sclerotic hippocampal formation. We have focused our attention(More)
Immunocytochemical methods were used to study alterations in inhibitory neuronal circuits in human neocortex resected during surgical treatment of intractable temporal epilepsy associated or not with brain tumours. The epileptogenic cortex was characterized and divided into spiking or non-spiking zones by intraoperative electrocorticography (ECOG). The(More)
Solitary primary melanocytic tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) represent a spectrum of lesions ranging from well-differentiated melanocytoma to melanoma. The association of a meningeal melanocytoma with an ipsilateral nevus of Ota is extremely rare, with only six cases reported in the literature to date. Only a minority of melanocytic tumors(More)
OBJECTIVE Drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) can be treated by tailored surgery guided by electrocorticography (ECoG). Although its value is still controversial, ECoG activity can provide continuous information on intracortical interactions that may be useful to understand the pathophysiology of TLE. The goal of this study is to characterize local(More)
AIM To report our experience in the surgical treatment of temporal-lobe epilepsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS An analysis was performed of the outcomes of 137 patients submitted to surgery between 1990 and 2001, with a follow-up of more than two years. A study was conducted of the percentages of successful detection by the different complementary tests--MRI,(More)
Localization of the epileptogenic zone (EZ) is an important issue in epileptology, even though there is not a unique definition of the epileptic focus. By using complex network analysis of electrocorticographic (ECoG) data we identify three singular areas in the temporal lobe of epileptic patients, the node with highest local synchronization power, the most(More)
INTRODUCTION Recently, we have published the results of a first surgical series of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). We describe a posterior series of patients intervened of TLE, we compare the functional results with the previous series and we finally analyze the causes of changes. PATIENTS AND METHODS We studied the first 22 consecutive(More)
INTRODUCTION Family aggregation can help determine the risk of epilepsy among relatives. Our aims are to describe the prevalence of family precedents of epilepsy among the diagnosed patients' relatives of the first and second degree, and to look for an association with diverse clinical variables. PATIENTS AND METHODS Market descriptive prospective study(More)
BACKGROUND It has been generally accepted that deep brain stimulation (DBS) not only acts in the nucleus where it is being applied, as initially thought, but that chronic stimulation activates axons located in its scope, and that this activation can exert its effects in distant areas. Considering this, DBS target identification should be made based on(More)
During the development of the central nervous system (CNS), oligodendrocyte precursors (OPCs) are generated in specific sites within the neural tube and then migrate to colonize the entire CNS, where they differentiate into myelin-forming oligodendrocytes. Demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) are characterized by the death of these cells.(More)