Rafael Camino-León

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Autosomal dominant guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase I deficiency is an inborn error of neurotransmitter metabolism, with a prevalence of 0.5 per million, caused by mutations/deletions in the GCH1 gene. The finding of the mutation Q89X in the GCH1 gene in 23 patients from two pedigrees in an area inhabited by a population of 800,000 prompted us to(More)
AIM To determine the state of knowledge and use of the main sources of bibliographic information and Web 2.0 resources in a sample of pediatricians linked professionally to child neurology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Anonymous opinion survey to 44 pediatricians (36 neuropediatric staffs and 8 residents) with two sections: sources of bibliographic information:(More)
INTRODUCTION Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) is the most common hereditary sensory motor neuropathy. Advances in molecular diagnosis have increased the diagnostic possibilities of these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Retrospective study of 36 pediatric patients diagnosed with CMT in a tertiary center in 2003-2015. RESULTS We found 16 patients were diagnosed(More)
BACKGROUND Infant botulism (IB) is caused by the intestinal colonization by Clostridium botulinum in the first year of life and its subsequent production of neurotoxins. Traditionally, IB has been associated to honey consumption. IB cases tend to cluster in geographic regions. In Europe, IB is a rare disorder. From 1976 through 2006, 65 cases were(More)
INTRODUCTION To be able to treat prolonged epileptic crises practical, safe and effective rescue medication is needed. Today, the standard treatment in community healthcare is rectal diazepam. The introduction of a buccal solution of midazolam opens up a new perspective in their treatment. AIMS To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of buccal midazolam with(More)
INTRODUCTION Subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SEGA) appear in 5-20% of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and are the most common brain tumours in TSC. They are benign tumours, of a glioneural stock, that develop mainly in the first two decades of life, generally close to the foramen of Monro, and can trigger hydrocephalus and intracranial(More)
INTRODUCTION The Aicardi syndrome is a disorder presumably X-linked dominant, classically defined by the triad of agenesis of the corpus callosum, chorioretinal lacunae and infantile spasms, with lethality in males. PATIENTS AND METHODS Retrospective descriptive study of patients diagnosed with Aicardi syndrome over a period of 29 years in two tertiary(More)
INTRODUCTION The neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis are classified based on age at onset into four main clinical forms in child-hood: infantile, late infantile, juvenile and congenital (CLN1, CLN2, CLN3 and CLN10). The variant late infantile forms (CLN5, CLN6, CLN7 and CLN8) are characterized by a wide variability of the clinical phenotypes and the most(More)
Segawa disease is a rare dystonia due to autosomal dominant guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase I (adGTPCH) deficiency, affecting dopamine and serotonin biosynthesis. Recently, the clinical phenotype was expanded to include psychiatric manifestations, such as depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and sleep disturbances. Although cognitive(More)