Rafael Brüschweiler

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The effects of internal motions on residual dipolar NMR couplings of proteins partially aligned in a liquid-crystalline environment are analyzed using a 10 ns molecular dynamics (MD) computer simulation of ubiquitin. For a set of alignment tensors with different orientations and rhombicities, MD-averaged dipolar couplings are determined and subsequently(More)
A general framework is presented for the interpretation of NMR relaxation data of proteins. The method, termed isotropic reorientational eigenmode dynamics (iRED), relies on a principal component analysis of the isotropically averaged covariance matrix of the lattice functions of the spin interactions responsible for spin relaxation. The covariance matrix,(More)
On the basis of the measurement of NH residual dipolar couplings (RDCs) in 11 different alignment media, an RDC-based order parameter is derived for each residue in the protein ubiquitin. Dipolar couplings are motionally averaged in the picosecond to millisecond time range and, therefore, reflect motion slower than the inverse overall tumbling correlation(More)
Allosteric signaling in biomolecules is a key mechanism for a myriad of cellular processes. We present a general yet compact model for protein allostery at atomic detail to quantitatively explain and predict structural-dynamics properties of allosteric signal propagation. The master equation-based approach for allostery by population shift (MAPS) is(More)
Elucidation of the mechanism of biomacromolecular recognition events has been a topic of intense interest over the past century. The inherent dynamic nature of both protein and ligand molecules along with the continuous reshaping of the energy landscape during the binding process renders it difficult to characterize this process at atomic detail. Here, we(More)
The recent availability of residual dipolar coupling measurements in a variety of different alignment media raises the question to what extent biomolecular structure and dynamics are differentially affected by their presence. A computational method is presented that allows the sensitive assessment of such changes using dipolar couplings measured in six or(More)
A robust procedure for the determination of protein-backbone motions on time scales of pico- to milliseconds directly from residual dipolar couplings has been developed that requires no additional scaling relative to external references. The results for ubiquitin (blue in graph: experimental N-HN order parameters) correspond closely to the amplitude,(More)
In protein NMR the assignment of nuclear spin resonances is a prerequisite for all subsequent applications, such as studies of ligand binding, protein-DNA interactions, and dynamics. Resonance assignment is a time consuming step even when the 3D x-ray structure of the protein is available. A new strategy is presented to solve the "inverse" assignment(More)
Structural characterization of biomolecules in solution by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is based primarily on the use of interproton distances derived from homonuclear cross-relaxation experiments. Information about short time-scale dynamics, on the other hand, is obtained from relaxation rates of heteronuclear spin pairs such as 15N-1H. By(More)
An all-atom local contact model is described that can be used to predict protein motions underlying isotropic crystallographic B-factors. It uses a mean-field approximation to represent the motion of an atom in a harmonic potential generated by the surrounding atoms resting at their equilibrium positions. Based on a 400-ns molecular dynamics simulation of(More)