Rafael Antonio Rojas-Herrera

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Histocytological analysis carried out on leaf explants of Coffea arabica undergoing somatic embryogenesis revealed that, using a culture method involving a single Gelrite-containing semisolid medium, the entire region surrounding the edge of the plant-derived leaf explants showed the differentiation of organized structures with little or no callusing.(More)
Somatic embryogenesis is the process by which somatic cells, under induction conditions, generate embryogenic cells, which go through a series of morphological and biochemical changes that result in the formation of a somatic embryo. Somatic embryogenesis differs from zygotic embryogenesis in that it is observable, its various culture conditions can be(More)
Plant cells have the capacity to generate a new plant without egg fertilization by a process known as somatic embryogenesis (SE), in which differentiated somatic cells can form somatic embryos able to generate a functional plant. Although there have been advances in understanding the genetic basis of SE, the epigenetic mechanism that regulates this process(More)
A new method is described for extraction of metagenomic DNA from soil and sediments which is based on DNA adsorption to silica without the use of phenol, ethanol precipitation or a cesium chloride gradient. High-quality DNA was obtained, and PCR inhibition was overcome by adding bovine serum albumin and adjusting magnesium concentration. By using PCR-DGGE(More)
AIMS To identify lactic acid bacteria (LAB) colonies isolated from sediments of a coastal marsh by the reduction of 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) in MRS medium. METHODS AND RESULTS Single colonies isolated from sediments of a coastal marsh by enrichment in MRS broth were selected from MRS-TTC plates and classified according to colony phenotype(More)
The effect of Leucaena leucocephala inclusion in sheep diets upon rumen function was evaluated. Nine Pelibuey sheep, 32.6 ± 5.33 kg live weight (LW), fitted with rumen cannula were used. A complete randomized block design was employed. Two experimental periods of 60 days each, with 60-day intervals between them, were used. Experimental treatments were as(More)
Spreading sewage sludge from municipal wastewater (MWW) treatment on land is still a common practice in developing countries. However, it is well known that sewage sludge without special treatment contains various pollutants, which are (re)introduced into the environment by sludge landspreading and which might in turn have harmful effects on the environment(More)
Somatic embryogenesis was induced in coffee from in vitro cultured plants as starting material and the faster response obtained allowed lines from selected plants to be generated more quickly. In contrast to other systems, where embryos take 2 or 3 months to develop, globular embryos were obtained after 3 weeks. The optimum nitrogen concentrations for(More)
Genetic improvement of coffee, an important commercial crop, through classical breeding is slow and cumbersome. Biotechnology offers alternative strategies for generating new and improved coffee varieties, including those resistances to environmental extremes, pests, and diseases, low in caffeine, and with uniform fruit maturation. Large improvements in(More)
Mezcal is an alcoholic beverage obtained from the distillation of fermented juices of cooked Agave spp. plant stalks (agave must), and each region in Mexico with denomination of origin uses defined Agave species to prepare mezcal with unique organoleptic characteristics. During fermentation to produce mezcal in the state of Tamaulipas, not only(More)