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BACKGROUND Effective treatment is necessary to reverse delirium and prevent potentially serious consequences. METHOD Patients were identified for screening by initial chart review of all consecutive admissions to the general medical or surgical wards at the Department of Veterans Affairs hospital and the University of Mississippi Medical Center in(More)
One hundred forty-five patients were initially seen with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). Of the many features examined, several variables were identified early in the hospitalization for PCP that were associated with poor survival. These included multiple admissions, leukocytoses, elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase levels, decreased arterial oxygen(More)
PURPOSE Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and toxoplasmic encephalitis are the most frequent pulmonary and central nervous system opportunistic infections associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We designed a prospective study to compare the effects of aerosolized pentamidine and dapsone in the prophylaxis of these infections in(More)
To examine the efficacy of atovaquone as salvage therapy in patients with AIDS-related toxoplasmic encephalitis, 93 patients with AIDS and toxoplasmic encephalitis who were intolerant of standard therapy (pyrimethamine plus sulfadiazine or clindamycin) or for whom such therapy was failing were treated with atovaquone tablets (750 mg four times daily) for 18(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroprevalence among a selected sample of 169 high-risk homeless men residing in a congregate shelter in New York City, NY, was 62%. Seropositivity for HIV correlated significantly with intravenous drug use (odds ratio, 3.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.4 to 4.4) and active tuberculosis (odds ratio, 7.0; 95% confidence(More)
Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) is the most effective Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) prophylactic agent, but adverse reactions are common among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients and limit its use. This randomized, double-blind controlled trial compared 2 methods of TMP-SMZ reintroduction, 6-day dose escalation and direct(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that the therapeutic success rate of oral atovaquone is not worse than that of intravenous pentamidine in the primary treatment of mild and moderate Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and to detect differences in the toxicity rates of the two treatments. DESIGN Patients(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate, over 12 weeks, the antiretroviral activity and safety of abacavir, used alone and in combination with zidovudine (ZDV), as treatment for HIV-1-infected subjects who had limited or no antiretroviral treatment. DESIGN Seventy-nine HIV-1-infected subjects, with CD4 cell counts 200-500 x 10(6)/l and <12 weeks of previous treatment with(More)