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Since 1988, the world has come very close to eradicating polio through the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, in which communication interventions have played a consistently central role. Mass media and information dissemination approaches used in immunization efforts worldwide have contributed to this success. However, reaching the hardest-to-reach, the(More)
Most theories and models used to develop human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) communication are based on social psychology that emphasizes individualism. Researchers including communication and health scholars are now questioning the presumed global relevance of these models and thus the need to develop innovative(More)
Given the high morbidity and mortality among children in low- and middle-income countries as a result of preventable causes, the U.S. government and the United Nations Children's Fund convened an Evidence Summit on Enhancing Child Survival and Development in Lower- and Middle-Income Countries by Achieving Population-Level Behavior Change on June 3-4, 2013,(More)
It is fitting that this special edition of the Journal of Health Communication is dedicated to the evidence for the effectiveness of behavior and social change in child survival and development. The field of health communication and the use of evidence , in fact, have strong roots in the early applications of mass media and social marketing to programs for(More)
The Polio Eradication Initiative (PEI) has been one of the most ambitious global health efforts in recent times. Social mobilization (SM) has been a strategic component of the PEI. Yet, a close-up analysis of SM dynamics seems to be lacking in the health communication literature. We examine critical aspects of the PEI experience in an attempt to move from(More)
The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps(More)
In response to the overwhelming burden of new cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), in 1997, initiated a project to examine the application of existing communication theories/models to HIV/acquired immune deficiency virus (AIDS) prevention and(More)
The material in this handbook has been commissioned by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). The designations in this publication do not imply an opinion on the legal status of any country or its territory, or of its authorities, or the delimitation of frontiers. This text has not been edited to official publication standards, and UNICEF accepts no(More)
We present observations and experimental evidence for a new type of parasitoid-host interaction. In the Lampides boeticus (Lepidoptera) - Cotesia specularis (Hymenoptera) system, larvae of the former species readily kill and consume the parasitoid cocoons they find. Potential effects at both the individual and population levels are briefly outlined.