Rafael A. Caceres

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Parasitic protozoa infecting humans have a great impact on public health, especially in the developing countries. In many instances, the parasites have developed resistance against available chemotherapeutic agents, making the search for alternative drugs a priority. In line with the current interest in Protein Kinase (PK) inhibitors as potential drugs(More)
The family of Cyclin-Dependent Kinases (CDKs) can be subdivided into two major functional groups based on their roles in cell cycle and/or transcriptional control. CDK9 is the catalytic subunit of positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb). CDK9 is the kinase of the TAK complex (Tat-associated kinase complex), and binds to Tat protein of HIV,(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most common infectious diseases known to man and responsible for millions of human deaths in the world. The increasing incidence of TB in developing countries, the proliferation of multidrug resistant strains, and the absence of resources for treatment have highlighted the need of developing new drugs against TB. The(More)
Bacterial cytidylate kinase or cytidine monophosphate kinase (CMP kinase) catalyses the phosphoryl transfer from ATP to CMP and dCMP, resulting in the formation nucleoside diphosphates. In eukaryotes, CMP/UMP kinase catalyses the conversion of UMP and CMP to, respectively, UDP and CDP with high efficiency. This work describes for the first time a model of(More)
Drug development is a high cost and laborious process, requiring a number of tests until a drug is made available in the market. Therefore, the use of methods to screen large number of molecules with less cost is crucial for faster identification of hits and leads. One strategy to identify drug-like molecules is the search for molecules able to interfere(More)
Anthracyclines, e.g., doxorubicin (DOX), and anthracenediones, e.g., mitoxantrone (MTX), are drugs used in the chemotherapy of several cancer types, including solid and non-solid malignancies such as breast cancer, leukemia, lymphomas, and sarcomas. Although they are effective in tumor therapy, treatment with these two drugs may lead to side effects such as(More)
Cytidine deaminase (CDA) is a key enzyme in the pyrimidine salvage pathway. It is involved in the hydrolytic deamination of cytidine or 2'-deoxycytidine to uridine or 2'-deoxyuridine, respectively. Here we report the crystal structures of Mycobacterium tuberculosis CDA (MtCDA) in complex with uridine (2.4 Å resolution) and deoxyuridine (1.9 Å resolution).(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) still remains one of the most deadly infectious diseases in the world. Mycobacterium tuberculosis β-ketoacyl-ACP Reductase (MabA) is a member of the fatty acid elongation system type II, providing precursors of mycolic acids that are essential to the bacterial cell growth and survival. MabA has been shown to be essential for M.(More)
Molecular recognition process describes the interaction involving two molecules. In the case of biomolecules, these pairs of molecules could be protein-protein, protein-ligand or protein-nucleic acid. The first model to capture the essential features, behind the molecular recognition problem, was the lock-and-key paradigm. The overall analysis(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) remains the leading cause of mortality due to a bacterial pathogen, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, no new classes of drugs for TB have been developed in the past 30 years. Therefore there is an urgent need to develop faster acting and effective new antitubercular agents, preferably belonging to new structural classes, to better(More)