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The aim of this study is to estimate the frequency of pathologic complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant treatment with cisplatin chemotherapy in women with breast cancer and a BRCA1 mutation. One hundred and seven women with breast cancer and a BRCA1 mutation, who were diagnosed with stage I to III breast cancer between December 2006 and June 2014, were(More)
CHEK2 is a tumor suppressor gene whose functions are central to the induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis following DNA damage. Mutations in CHEK2 have been associated with cancers at many sites, including breast and prostate cancers, but the relationship between CHEK2 and gastric cancer has not been extensively studied. In Poland, there are four(More)
PURPOSE There have been no studies to date which look at the relative effectiveness of different regimens of chemotherapy in women who have breast cancer and who carry a BRCA1 germ-line mutation. We wished to compare rates of response to neo-adjuvant chemotherapy in BRCA1 mutation carriers and non-carrier controls. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN From a registry of(More)
502 Background: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is administered to control disease, make surgical resection possible and increase the possibility of breast tissue conservation. A further advantage of neoadjuvant therapy is that it helps to assess chemo-sensitivity to a particular agent. Induction of a pathological complete response (pCR) is one of the primary(More)
We identified 4316 unselected incident cases of early-onset breast cancers (<51 ears of age at diagnosis) in 18 Polish hospitals between 1996 and 2003. We were able to obtain a blood sample for DNA analysis from 3472 of these (80.4%). All cases were tested for the presence of three founder mutations in BRCA1. The proportion of cases with a BRCA1 mutation(More)
The purpose of this study is to estimate 10-year survival rates for patients with early onset breast cancer, with and without a CHEK2 mutation and to identify prognostic factors among CHEK2-positive breast cancer patients. 3,592 women with stage I to stage III breast cancer, diagnosed at or below age 50, were tested for four founder mutations in the CHEK2(More)
BACKGROUND CYP1B1 is a P450 enzyme which is involved in the activation of pro-carcinogens to carcinogens as well as sex hormone metabolism. Because differences in the activity of the enzyme have been correlated with variant alleles of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), it represents an attractive candidate gene for studies into colorectal cancer(More)
Evidence to date that germline mutations in the tumor suppressor gene BRCA1 increase the incidence of colorectal cancer is mixed, and both positive and negative results have been reported. To establish whether or not inherited variation in BRCA1 influences the risk of colorectal cancer, we genotyped 2,398 unselected patients with colorectal cancer and 4,570(More)
Recently, the 1100delC variant of cell cycle checkpoint kinase 2 (CHEK2) has been reported to confer a colorectal cancer risk in hereditary non-polyposis-colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and HNPCC-related families in the Netherlands. To investigate whether CHEK2 mutations confer increased cancer risk in HNPCC and HNPCC-related families in Poland, we genotyped 463(More)
To identify characteristic features of breast cancers associated with an NBS1 mutation. To estimate and to compare 10-year survival rates for patients with early-onset breast cancer, with and without an NBS1 mutation. 4,566 women with stage I to stage III breast cancer, diagnosed at or below age 50, were tested for a founder mutation in the NBS1 gene.(More)