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Human lungs are constantly exposed to a large number of Aspergillus spores which are present in ambient air. These spores are usually harmless to immunocompetent subjects but can produce a symptomatic disease in patients with impaired antifungal defense. In a small percentage of patients, the trachea and bronchi may be the main or even the sole site of(More)
The purpose of this study was to present a retrospective analysis of the frequency of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM)-related pulmonary infections among the AFB-positive and/or culture-positive patients in the Warsaw region who were suspected of tuberculosis (TB) and hospitalized in the university hospital between 1999 and 2005. All the AFB-positive(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Understanding the chronic inflammatory process that affects the airways of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an important clue in the search for new therapeutic options. The main inflammatory cells and mediators involved in COPD pathogenesis have been identified, but there is still little knowledge about their(More)
Eosinophilic airway inflammation is regarded as a typical feature of asthma, while in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) neutrophils seem predominant inflammatory airway cells. The aim of the present study was to compare the cellular components of airway inflammation in patients with newly diagnosed mild or moderate COPD and asthma. Seventeen(More)
Airway remodeling in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) results in thickening of bronchial walls and may affect lung function. In the present study we set out to evaluate the relationship between small airway wall thickness and the lung function parameters in patients with asthma and COPD. The study was performed in 10 patients with(More)
Several biological markers have been proposed to improve the efficacy of diagnosing tuberculous pleurisy. The study was undertaken to evaluate the accuracy of pleural fluid adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) concentration in differentiating tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE) and nontuberculous pleural effusion (non-TPE).(More)
Although eosinophilic pleural effusion (EPE) has been a subject of numerous studies, its clinical significance still remains unclear. The aim of our study was to evaluate: 1) the relative incidence and aetiology of EPE; 2) the predictors of malignancy in patients with EPE; and 3) the relationship between repeated thoracentesis and pleural fluid(More)
INTRODUCTION Periostin is considered to be a marker of eosinophilic inflammation in patients with asthma. However, there are no literature data on periostin in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to evaluate periostin expression and to compare its concentrations in various materials in patients(More)
INTRODUCTION Tuberculosis is one of the most common causes of pleural effusion (PE). However, the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy still remains difficult. Since M. tuberculosis isolation rates in tuberculous effusions are relatively low the histological and microbiological studies of pleural biopsy samples are usually required to confirm the diagnosis.(More)