Raelene Solomon

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A new theory of motivation is described along with its applications to addiction and aversion. The theory assumes that many hedonic, affective, or emotional states are automatically opposed by central nervous system mechanisms which reduce the intensity of hedonic feelings, both pleasant and aversive. The opponent processes for most hedonic states are(More)
The history of 2-process learning theory is described, and the logical and empirical validity of its major postulates is examined. The assumption of 2 acquisition processes requires the demonstration of an empirical interaction between 2 types of reinforcement contingencies and (a) response classes, (b) reinforcing stimulus classes, or (c) characteristics(More)
Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are frequently evaluated before therapeutic embolization by superselective injection of anesthetics into individual arterial branches so as to determine whether permanent occlusion would affect eloquent function. In Experiment 1, we used this adaptation of the Wada procedure to study three right-handed adult(More)
The taehistoscopic presentation of words has been used in attempts to detect the role of personality variables • in perception. In general, the procedure has been to present printed words, drawn from various relevant "meaning" classes, for very short periods of exposure; the S's task is to identify the words. Recognition thresholds are determined by(More)