Learn More
The effect of the recently developed graphene nanoflakes (GNFs) on the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been investigated in this paper. The rationale behind the use of GNFs is their unique physical and thermal properties. Experiments show that GNFs can enhance the thermal conductivity of base fluids and results also revealed that GNFs are a potential(More)
Experiments and simulations are carried out to investigate direct impingement on accel grid using sub-scale ion optics. Good agreement is observed between measurements and simulations of the cross-over limit. When the effects from charge-exchange current and leakage current are taken into account, modeling reproduces almost exactly the measured impingement(More)
  • 1