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INTRODUCTION Abdominal obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are associated with sexual and endothelial dysfunction, lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and chronic systemic inflammation. AIM To determine the effects of diet-induced weight loss and maintenance on sexual and endothelial function, LUTS, and inflammatory markers in obese diabetic men. MAIN(More)
BACKGROUND Pericardial adipose tissue (PAT) has been shown to be an independent predictor of coronary artery disease. To date its assessment has been restricted to the use of surrogate echocardiographic indices such as measurement of epicardial fat thickness over the right ventricular free wall, which have limitations. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance(More)
AIM Arteriovenous fistula-formation remains critical for the provision of hemodialysis in end-stage renal failure patients. Its creation results in a significant increase in cardiac output, with resultant alterations in cardiac stroke volume, systemic blood flow, and vascular resistance. The impact of fistula-formation on cardiac and vascular structure and(More)
Oxidative stress produces dual effects on the respiratory burst of rat alveolar macrophages. Preincubation with hydroperoxide concentrations [H2O2 or tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BOOH); < 50 microM] enhances stimulation of the respiratory burst, whereas higher concentrations inhibit stimulation. Both the enhancement and inhibition are markedly attenuated by(More)
BACKGROUND Isolated left ventricular non-compaction (IVNC) was a previously rarely diagnosed condition with an apparent very poor prognosis. However, with high quality cardiac imaging with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) becoming increasingly available, it is being increasingly identified. However, asymptomatic patients with a serendipitous diagnosis of(More)
Three cats were deprived of rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep for 10 days, and three were deprived for 12 days. All cats received an electrically induced convulsion on each of the last 3 days of deprivation, as well as on the 1st recovery day just prior to sleep onset. As controls, four cats were deprived of REM sleep for 12 days and one was deprived for 10(More)
AIMS Accurate calculation of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is important for diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic reasons. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is the reference standard for LVEF calculation, followed by real time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE). Limited availability of CMR and RT3DE leaves Simpson's rule as the(More)
Despite improvements in survival following renal transplantation, high rates of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality remain. Persistence of arterio-venous fistulae (AVF) may contribute to maladaptive cardiovascular remodeling and poor health outcomes in this cohort. Utilizing recent advances in cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), we(More)