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Height is a classic complex trait with common variants in a growing list of genes known to contribute to the phenotype. Using a genecentric genotyping array targeted toward cardiovascular-related loci, comprising 49,320 SNPs across approximately 2000 loci, we evaluated the association of common and uncommon SNPs with adult height in 114,223 individuals from(More)
AIMS Growth factors play an important role in regulating vascular function. Data are limited regarding clinical and genetic correlates of endothelial growth factors and their associations with vascular function. METHODS AND RESULTS We evaluated clinical and genetic correlates of circulating vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF), its soluble receptor(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental studies suggest that endothelial growth factors play an important role in angiogenesis and vascular remodeling. The clinical and genetic correlates of circulating angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) and its soluble receptor/regulator Tie-2 (sTie-2) have not been determined in a community-based sample. METHODS AND RESULTS Serum Ang-2 and sTie-2(More)
Mean and pulsatile components of hemodynamic load are related to cardiovascular disease. Vascular growth factors play a fundamental role in vascular remodeling. The links between growth factors and hemodynamic load components are not well described. In 3496 participants from the Framingham Heart Study third generation cohort (mean age: 40±9 years; 52%(More)
BACKGROUND Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) is a paracrine factor released by microvascular endothelial cells that has cardioprotective effects in animal models of heart failure. However, circulating NRG-1 has not been studied in human heart disease. We used a novel immunoassay to test whether circulating NRG-1beta is associated with disease severity and clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE The metabolic and genetic correlates of circulating insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and its main circulating carrier, IGF-1-binding-protein-3 (IGFBP-3), are unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS We measured serum IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 concentrations in a sample of the Framingham Heart Study (N=3977, aged 40+/-9 years, 46% male) and evaluated their(More)
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are mobilized into the vascular space and home to damaged tissues, where they promote repair in part through a process of angiogenesis. Neuregulins (NRGs) are ligands in the epidermal growth factor family that signal through type I receptor tyrosine kinases in the erbB family (erbB2, erbB3, and erbB4) and regulate(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular remodeling is characterized by increased collagen deposition in the extracellular matrix. Levels of plasma procollagen type III amino-terminal peptide (PIIINP), a marker of collagen turnover, are elevated in the setting of recent myocardial infarction, heart failure, and cardiomyopathy. Whether plasma PIIINP levels are a useful(More)
RATIONALE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) affects angiogenesis, atherosclerosis, and cancer. Although the heritability of circulating VEGF levels is high, little is known about its genetic underpinnings. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to identify genetic variants associated with circulating VEGF levels, using an unbiased genome-wide approach, and to(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading killer in the United States. Patients with severe CAD and ischemia have worse prognosis. Therefore expansion of biomarker research, to identify at-risk individuals and explain the complex biology between cardiovascular growth factors and atherosclerosis is needed. Neuregulin-1β (NRG-1β) is a myocardial(More)