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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) encompassed several chronic inflammatory disorders leading to damage of the gastrointestinal tract (GI). The 2 principal forms of these disorders are ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn disease (CD). Bacteria are involved in the etiology of IBD, and the genetic susceptibility, environmental factors, and lifestyle factors can(More)
PURPOSE Inflammatory and rheumatic arthritis remain leading causes of disability worldwide. The arthritis therapeutic area commands the largest market for the prescription of biological and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). Yet biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies conducting research and providing therapeutics in this area frequently face(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) encompasses several chronic inflammatory disorders leading to the damage of the gastrointestinal tract. The 2 principal forms of these disorders are ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Bacteria are involved in the etiology of IBD. Many microorganisms have been put forward as causative factors in IBD, but the(More)
Reactivation of certain latent viruses has been linked with a more severe course of drug-induced hypersensitivity reaction (HSR). For example, reactivation of human herpes virus (HHV)-6 is associated with severe organ involvement and a prolonged course of disease. The present study discusses an HSR developed in a previously healthy male exposed to(More)
BACKGROUND Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver condition characterized by insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and fat accumulation in the liver that may cause hepatic inflammation and progressive scarring leading to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and irreversible liver damage (cirrhosis). As a result, there has been increased(More)
This paper is based upon the "Charles Lieber Satellite Symposia" organized by Manuela G. Neuman at the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) Annual Meetings, 2013 and 2014. The present review includes pre-clinical, translational and clinical research that characterize alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). In addition, a(More)
BACKGROUND Fatty liver (hepatic steatosis) is one of the most common diseases globally, with increasing prevalence. The role of alcohol consumption in the development of hepatic steatosis has not been systematically examined. METHODS We searched Medline, Embase, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global for original data on the relationship between(More)
Valproic acid is a widely-used first-generation antiepileptic drug, prescribed predominantly in epilepsy and psychiatric disorders. VPA has good efficacy and pharmacoeconomic profiles, as well as a relatively favorable safety profile. However, adverse drug reactions have been reported in relation with valproic acid use, either as monotherapy or polytherapy(More)
Hypersensitivity syndrome reactions (HSR) to antiepileptic drugs (AED) are associated with severe clinical cutaneous adverse reactions (SCAR). We aimed (1) to assess HSRs to AEDs using the in vitro lymphocyte toxicity assay (LTA) in patients who manifested HSRs clinically; (2) to correlate LTA results with the clinical syndrome; (3) to correlate LTA results(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease, including its 2 entities ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, is a chronic medical condition characterized by the destructive inflammation of the intestinal tract. Biologics represent a class of therapeutics with immune intervention potential. These agents block the proinflammatory cascade that triggers the activation and(More)