Radu M. Nanau

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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) encompassed several chronic inflammatory disorders leading to damage of the gastrointestinal tract (GI). The 2 principal forms of these disorders are ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn disease (CD). Bacteria are involved in the etiology of IBD, and the genetic susceptibility, environmental factors, and lifestyle factors can(More)
Valproic acid is a widely-used first-generation antiepileptic drug, prescribed predominantly in epilepsy and psychiatric disorders. VPA has good efficacy and pharmacoeconomic profiles, as well as a relatively favorable safety profile. However, adverse drug reactions have been reported in relation with valproic acid use, either as monotherapy or polytherapy(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) encompasses several chronic inflammatory disorders leading to the damage of the gastrointestinal tract. The 2 principal forms of these disorders are ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Bacteria are involved in the etiology of IBD. Many microorganisms have been put forward as causative factors in IBD, but the(More)
BACKGROUND Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver condition characterized by insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and fat accumulation in the liver that may cause hepatic inflammation and progressive scarring leading to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and irreversible liver damage (cirrhosis). As a result, there has been increased(More)
This paper is based upon the "Charles Lieber Satellite Symposia" organized by Manuela G. Neuman at the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) Annual Meetings, 2013 and 2014. The present review includes pre-clinical, translational and clinical research that characterize alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). In addition, a(More)
PURPOSE Inflammatory and rheumatic arthritis remain leading causes of disability worldwide. The arthritis therapeutic area commands the largest market for the prescription of biological and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). Yet biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies conducting research and providing therapeutics in this area frequently face(More)
PURPOSE This article aimed 1) to review herbal medicine containing pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PA)-induced toxicities of the liver; 2) to encourage the recognition and prevention of common problems encountered when using complementary and alternative medicine and 3) to review the toxic effects of herbal remedies containing PAs. DESIGN AND METHODS We(More)
Excessive alcohol consumption presents considerable health risks in humans. A variety of morphologic and functional changes contribute to hepatic injury produced by heavy drinking. The present review summarizes the current knowledge of alcohol-induced liver disease and describes preclinical experimental approaches used to understand alcoholic liver disease(More)
Reactivation of certain latent viruses has been linked with a more severe course of drug-induced hypersensitivity reaction (HSR). For example, reactivation of human herpes virus (HHV)-6 is associated with severe organ involvement and a prolonged course of disease. The present study discusses an HSR developed in a previously healthy male exposed to(More)
Ibuprofen is a widely used antipyretic and analgesic nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID). With the aging of the population, there will be a significant increase in the prevalence of painful degenerative and inflammatory rheumatic conditions. This increase likely will lead to a parallel increase in the use of NSAIDs, including ibuprofen. The primary(More)