Radostina Stoyanova

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Advanced (7)Li MAS NMR technologies and high frequency EPR are combined to identify structural motifs and their relation to electrochemical properties of layered lithium-cobalt-nickel-manganese oxides LiCo1-2xNixMnxO2 (0 < x ≤ 0.5) used as cathode materials in lithium ion batteries. Structural-chemical shift regularities were established by systematic(More)
High-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (HF-EPR) spectroscopy was employed to examine the oxidation state and local structure of Ni and Mn ions in Ni,Mn-codoped LiCoO(2). The assignment of EPR signals was based on Mg,Mn-codoped LiCoO(2) and Ni-doped LiCoO(2) used as Mn(4+) and low-spin Ni(3+) EPR references. Complementary information on the oxidation(More)
Manganese substituted sodium cobaltate, Na(2/3)Co(2/3)Mn(1/3)O(2), with a layered hexagonal structure (P2-type) was obtained by a co-precipitation method followed by a heat treatment at 950 °C. Powder X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the phase is pure in the absence of long-range ordering of Co and Mn ions in the slab or Na(+) and vacancy in the(More)
A promising group of inorganic salts recently emerged for the negative electrode of advanced lithium-ion batteries. Manganese carbonate combines low weight and significant lithium storage properties. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and magnetic measurements are used to study the environment of manganese ions during cycling in lithium test cells. To(More)
An anatase nanotube array has been prepared with a special morphology: two concentric walls and a very small central cavity. The method used here to achieve the double-wall structure is a single-step anodization process under a voltage ramp. Thanks to this nanostructure, which is equivalent to a fractal electrode, the electrochemical behaviour is improved,(More)
Knowledge on the formation of mixed transition metal layers on lithium and sodium transition metal oxides, Li/Na(Co,Ni,Mn,)O2, determines the ability to control their electrochemical properties as electrode materials in alkaline ion batteries. Taking this into account, herein we combine the EPR and 23Na MAS NMR spectroscopic techniques to gain insights into(More)
Metal ion substitution in phospho-olivines is an effective way to improve their performance as electrode materials in lithium ion and alternative sodium ion batteries. In this contribution, we examine in detail the crystal structure of Mg-substituted NaMnPO4. The preferential occupancy of the alkaline M1 position by Mg2+ ions has been found for the first(More)
The local coordination of Fe(3+) spin probes in trigonal LiAl(y)Co(1-y)O(2) was studied using high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. This technique allows the determination of Fe(3+) ions in respect to axial and rhombic zero-field splitting parameters (ZFS). After the progressive replacement of Co by Al, the axial D parameter of Fe(3+)(More)
The development of lithium and sodium ion batteries without using lithium and sodium metal as anodes gives the impetus for elaboration of low-cost and environmentally friendly energy storage devices. In this contribution we demonstrate the design and construction of a new type of hybrid sodium-lithium ion cell by using unique electrode combination(More)