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The in vivo effects of oxidative stress on adipokinetic hormone (AKH) titer in short-winged (brachypterous) males of the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus were tested using paraquat (PQ), a bipyridilium herbicide. PQ undergoes a cyclic redox reaction with oxygen during microsomal and electron transfer reactions forming free radicals in the insect body. Oxidative(More)
A new member of the AKH/RPCH family was isolated and identified from the corpora cardiaca of the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus. The peptide was isolated in a single step by reversed phase HPLC and the structure deduced from the multiple MS (MS(N)) electrospray mass spectra and amino acid analysis as that of an octapeptide with the sequence(More)
We have used an enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) for determination of the AKH content in CNS (brain + corpora cardiaca + corpora allata) and haemolymph of adult macropterous and brachypterous females of the bug Pyrrhocoris apterus. The tests revealed that the AKH content fluctuates between 1 and almost 4 pmol/CNS during the first 14 days of adult life and(More)
The reproductive and diapausing adult females of brachypterous morph and macropterous females with reproductive arrest of non-diapause type, originating from the laboratory cultures of Pyrrhocoris apterus, were studied for their feeding and drinking behaviour, digestive enzyme activities, and carbohydrate and lipid contents. The highest feeding and drinking(More)
The RP HPLC and LC/MS QTOF analyses of the methanolic CNS extract from isopod crustacean the woodlouse, Porcellio scaber revealed a presence of the red pigment-concentrating hormone (Panbo-RPCH) in this species. It has been shown that this neuropeptide plays a role in mobilization of energy stores: topical treatments of P. scaber individuals by Panbo-RPCH(More)
Adipokinetic hormones (AKHs) are insect neuropeptides responding to stress situations including oxidative stress. Two insecticides - endosulfan and malathion - were used to elicit oxidative stress conditions in the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus, and the physiological functions of AKHs and their ability to activate protective antioxidative reactions were(More)
Digestive processes and the effect of adipokinetic hormone (Pyrap-AKH) on the amount of nutrients (lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates), and on the activity of digestive enzymes (lipases, peptidases, and carbohydrases) were studied in the midgut of the firebug, Pyrrhocoris apterus. The analyses were performed on samples of anterior (AM), middle (MM) and(More)
BACKGROUND Adipokinetic hormones (AKHs) are insect neuropetides controlling stress situations including those elicited by insecticide treatment. The effect of Pyrap-AKH on the mortality of the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus (L.) treated with the insecticide permethrin (Ambush 25 EC) was studied. RESULTS Coinjection of 50 ng permethrin with 80 pmol Pyrap-AKH(More)
The effect of an insecticide, permethrin (Ambush 25 EC), on the titre of two adipokinetic hormones in the central nervous system (CNS) and haemolymph of the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus (L) was tested. Doses of 2.5, 12.5 and 25 ng of the insecticide elicited no significant effect on the titre of the adipokinetic peptides in CNS, but caused their dramatic(More)
Resembling the main function of insect adipokinetic hormones (AKHs), the vertebrate hormone glucagon mobilizes energy reserves and participates in the control of glucose level in the blood. Considering the similarities, the effect of porcine glucagon was evaluated in an insect model species, the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus. Using the mouse anti-glucagon(More)