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85 Pierce HD, de Groot P, Borden JH, Ramaswamy S, Oehlschager AC (1995) Pheromones in the red pine cone beetle, Conophthorus resinosae Hopkins, and its synonym, C. banksianae McPherson (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). J Chem Ecol 21 :169–185 Turgeon JJ, Roques A, de Groot P (1994) Insect fauna of coniferous seed cones: diversity, host plant interactions, and(More)
The in vivo effects of oxidative stress on adipokinetic hormone (AKH) titer in short-winged (brachypterous) males of the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus were tested using paraquat (PQ), a bipyridilium herbicide. PQ undergoes a cyclic redox reaction with oxygen during microsomal and electron transfer reactions forming free radicals in the insect body. Oxidative(More)
A new member of the AKH/RPCH family was isolated and identified from the corpora cardiaca of the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus. The peptide was isolated in a single step by reversed phase HPLC and the structure deduced from the multiple MS (MS(N)) electrospray mass spectra and amino acid analysis as that of an octapeptide with the sequence(More)
We have used an enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) for determination of the AKH content in CNS (brain + corpora cardiaca + corpora allata) and haemolymph of adult macropterous and brachypterous females of the bug Pyrrhocoris apterus. The tests revealed that the AKH content fluctuates between 1 and almost 4 pmol/CNS during the first 14 days of adult life and(More)
The reproductive and diapausing adult females of brachypterous morph and macropterous females with reproductive arrest of non-diapause type, originating from the laboratory cultures of Pyrrhocoris apterus, were studied for their feeding and drinking behaviour, digestive enzyme activities, and carbohydrate and lipid contents. The highest feeding and drinking(More)
The study showed that the amounts of the total proteins and 53 kDa protein in male accessory glands (AGs) of the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus (L.) increased with age of the adult life. The 53 kDa protein, the most abundant polypeptide detected in the secretion of the AGs, and some other smaller peptides were identified as glycoproteins. Changes in the(More)
The flightless bug Pyrrhocoris apterus (L.) is polymorphic for both wing length and flight muscle development. The developed flight muscles of macropterous adults of both sexes first enlarge their volume during the first 5 days after adult emergence, but are then histolyzed in all males and females older than 10 and 14 days, respectively. The flight muscles(More)
Adipokinetic hormones (AKHs) are insect neuropeptides responding to stress situations including oxidative stress. Two insecticides - endosulfan and malathion - were used to elicit oxidative stress conditions in the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus, and the physiological functions of AKHs and their ability to activate protective antioxidative reactions were(More)
Digestive processes and the effect of adipokinetic hormone (Pyrap-AKH) on the amount of nutrients (lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates), and on the activity of digestive enzymes (lipases, peptidases, and carbohydrases) were studied in the midgut of the firebug, Pyrrhocoris apterus. The analyses were performed on samples of anterior (AM), middle (MM) and(More)
The effect of an insecticide, permethrin (Ambush 25 EC), on the titre of two adipokinetic hormones in the central nervous system (CNS) and haemolymph of the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus (L) was tested. Doses of 2.5, 12.5 and 25 ng of the insecticide elicited no significant effect on the titre of the adipokinetic peptides in CNS, but caused their dramatic(More)