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We present a method to efficiently simulate coronary perfusion in subject-specific models of the heart within clinically relevant time frames. Perfusion is modelled as a Darcy porous-media flow, where the permeability tensor is derived from homogenization of an explicit anatomical representation of the vasculature. To account for the disparity in length(More)
Experimental data and advanced imaging techniques are increasingly enabling the extraction of detailed vascular anatomy from biological tissues. Incorporation of anatomical data within perfusion models is non-trivial, due to heterogeneous vessel density and disparate radii scales. Furthermore, previous idealised networks have assumed a spatially repeating(More)
Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) is an effective treatment for patients with congestive heart failure and a wide QRS complex. However, up to 30% of patients are non-responders to therapy in terms of exercise capacity or left ventricular reverse remodelling. A number of controversies still remain surrounding patient selection, targeted lead(More)
The strong coupling between the flow in coronary vessels and the mechanical deformation of the myocardial tissue is a central feature of cardiac physiology and must therefore be accounted for by models of coronary perfusion. Currently available geometrically explicit vascular models fail to capture this interaction satisfactorily, are numerically(More)
Coronary artery disease, CAD, is associated with both narrowing of the epicardial coronary arteries and microvascular disease, thereby limiting coronary flow and myocardial perfusion. CAD accounts for almost 2 million deaths within the European Union on an annual basis. In this paper, we review the physiological and pathophysiological processes underlying(More)
Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) has been shown to be an effective adjunctive treatment for patients with dyssynchronous ventricular contraction and symptoms of the heart failure. However, clinical trials have also demonstrated that up to 30% of patients may be classified as non-responders. In this article, we present how the person-alisation of an(More)
A method to extract myocardial coronary permeabilities appropriate to parameterise a continuum porous perfusion model using the underlying anatomical vascular network is developed. Canine and porcine whole-heart discrete arterial models were extracted from high-resolution cryomicrotome vessel image stacks. Five parameterisation methods were considered that(More)
To regularize cardiac motion recovery from medical images, electromechanical models are increasingly popular for providing a pri-ori physiological motion information. Although these models are macro-scopic, there are still many parameters to be specified for accurate and robust recovery. In this paper, we provide a sensitivity analysis of a pro-active(More)