Radmila Terentyeva

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MicroRNAs are small endogenous noncoding RNAs that regulate protein expression by hybridization to imprecise complementary sequences of target mRNAs. Changes in abundance of muscle-specific microRNA, miR-1, have been implicated in cardiac disease, including arrhythmia and heart failure. However, the specific molecular targets and cellular mechanisms(More)
In heart failure (HF), arrhythmogenic spontaneous sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) release and afterdepolarizations in cardiac myocytes have been linked to abnormally high activity of ryanodine receptors (RyR2s) associated with enhanced phosphorylation of the channel. However, the specific molecular mechanisms underlying RyR2 hyperphosphorylation in HF(More)
Triadin 1 (TRD) is an integral membrane protein that associates with the ryanodine receptor (RyR2), calsequestrin (CASQ2) and junctin to form a macromolecular Ca signaling complex in the cardiac junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). To define the functional role of TRD, we examined the effects of adenoviral-mediated overexpression of the wild-type protein(More)
Mutations in human cardiac calsequestrin (CASQ2), a high-capacity calcium-binding protein located in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), have recently been linked to effort-induced ventricular arrhythmia and sudden death (catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia). However, the precise mechanisms through which these mutations affect SR function and(More)
AIMS Although cardiac alternans is a known predictor of lethal arrhythmias, its underlying causes remain largely undefined in disease settings. The potential role of, and mechanisms responsible for, beat-to-beat alternations in the amplitude of systolic Ca(2+) transients (Ca(2+) alternans) was investigated in a canine post-myocardial infarction (MI) model(More)
AIMS In heart failure (HF), abnormal myocyte Ca(2+) handling has been implicated in cardiac arrhythmias and contractile dysfunction. In the present study, we investigated the relationships between Ca(2+) handling, reduced myocyte contractility, and enhanced arrhythmogenesis during HF progression in a canine model of non-ischaemic HF. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
AIMS Heart failure is a common antecedent to atrial fibrillation; both heart failure and atrial fibrillation are associated with increased myocardial oxidative stress. Chronic canine heart failure reduces atrial action potential duration and atrial refractoriness. We hypothesized that inducible nitric oxide synthase 2 (NOS2) contributes to atrial oxidative(More)
Diminished Ca release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is an important contributor to the impaired contractility of the failing heart. Despite extensive effort, the underlying causes of abnormal SR Ca release in heart failure (HF) remain unknown. We used a combination of simultaneous imaging of cytosolic and SR intraluminal [Ca] in isolated(More)
Cardiac calsequestrin (CASQ2) is an intrasarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) low-affinity Ca-binding protein, with mutations that are associated with catecholamine-induced polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). To better understand how CASQ2 mutants cause CPVT, we expressed two CPVT-linked CASQ2 mutants, a truncated protein (at G112+5X, CASQ2(DEL)) or CASQ2(More)
AIMS We sought to define the underlying mechanisms for atrial fibrillation (AF) during chronic heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS Preliminary studies showed that 4 months of HF resulted in irreversible systolic dysfunction (n = 9) and a substrate for sustained inducible AF (>3 months, n = 3). We used a chronic (4-month) canine model of(More)