Radjini A Racine

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW We assess the toxicological, environmental and economic aspects of sources of fish oil and omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 fatty acids). RECENT FINDINGS Fish oils are the most common source of the very-long-chain n-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, which have protective and beneficial effects on conditions such as(More)
Intrinsic rhythmic electrical activity in the brain, such as the hippocampal theta rhythm, might serve important roles in normal cognition. Lesions to the medial septal nuclei, or to the fimbria/fornix, disrupt the hippocampal theta rhythm and lead to memory impairment. We have superimposed an artificial stimulating rhythm to the hippocampus of rats with(More)
The aim of this work was to evaluate and follow up the evolution of radiation damage in two victims of a radiation accident. Blood samples were used for cytogenetic evaluation of radiation dose and heterogeneity. The radiation dose estimates were 1 Gy and 2.3 Gy in the two most exposed patients. Plasma was used for the measurement of the Flt3 ligand as a(More)
Twenty years after Chernobyl accident, the daily ingestion of foodstuff grown on contaminated grounds remains the main source for internal exposure to ionizing radiations, and primarily to cesium 137 ((137)Cs). Though the effects of a long-term internal contamination with radionuclides are poorly documented, several non-cancerous pathologies have been(More)
The Chernobyl accident released many radionuclides in the environment. Some are still contaminating the ground and thus the people through dietary intake. The long-term sanitary consequences of this disaster are still unclear and several biological systems remain to be investigated. Cholesterol metabolism is of particular interest, with regard to the link(More)
Depleted uranium (DU) is a radioactive heavy metal derived from the nuclear energy production. Its wide use in civilian and military items increases the risk of its environmental dissemination, and thus the risk of internal contamination of populations living in such contaminated territories. Previous studies have shown that vitamin D and cerebral(More)
Some heavy metals, or aluminium, could participate in the development of Alzheimer disease (AD). Depleted uranium (DU), another heavy metal, modulates the cholinergic system and the cholesterol metabolism in the brain of rats, but without neurological disorders. The aim of this study was to determine what happens in organisms exposed to DU that will/are(More)
Previous research has suggested that brain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine or 5-HT) neurons inhibit epileptiform seizure activity. To test further this possibility, experiments were performed to determine if brain 5-HT depletion would enhance the occurrence and/or magnitude of seizures "kindled" from the amygdala or neocortex of rats. Two modes of 5-HT(More)
Depleted uranium results from the enrichment of natural uranium for energetic purpose. Its potential dispersion in the environment would set human populations at risk of being contaminated through ingestion. Uranium can build up in the brain and induce behavior disorders. As a major constituent of the myelin sheath, cholesterol is essential to brain(More)