Radj A. Baldewsing

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Assessment of atherosclerotic plaque composition is crucial for quantitative monitoring of atherosclerosis and for quantifying the effect of pharmaceutical plaque-stabilizing treatments during clinical trials. We assessed this composition by applying a geometrically constrained, iterative inverse solution method to reconstruct a modulus elastogram (i.e.,(More)
The rupture of thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) plaques is a major cause of acute coronary events. A TCFA has a trombogenic soft lipid core, shielded from the blood stream by a thin, possibly inflamed, stiff cap. The majority of atherosclerotic plaques resemble a TCFA in terms of overall structural composition, but have a more complex, heterogeneous(More)
BACKGROUND AND GOAL More than 60% of all myocardial infarction is caused by rupture of a vulnerable plaque. A vulnerable plaque can be described as a large, soft lipid pool covered by a thin fibrous cap. Plaque material composition, geometry, and inflammation caused by infiltration of macrophages are considered as major determinants for plaque rupture. For(More)
Rupture, with subsequent thrombosis, of thin-cap fibroatheromas (TCFAs) is a major cause of myocardial infarction. A TCFA has two main components: these are a large, soft lipid pool and a thin, stiff fibrous cap covering it. Quantification of their morphology and stiffness is essential for monitoring atherosclerosis and quantifying the effect of(More)
The composition of an atherosclerotic plaque is considered more important than the degree of stenosis. An unstable lesion may rupture and cause an acute thrombotic reaction. Most of these lesions contain a large lipid pool covered by an inflamed thin fibrous cap. The stress in the cap increases with decreasing cap thickness and increasing macrophage(More)
Palpography assesses the local mechanical properties of tissue using the deformation caused by the intraluminal pressure. The technique was validated in vitro using diseased human coronary and femoral arteries. Especially between fibrous and fatty tissue, a highly significant difference in strain (p = 0.0012) was found. Additionally, the predictive value to(More)
AIMS At present, an invasive pressure flow study is recommended to diagnose urinary bladder outlet obstruction. This method induces the risk of urinary tract infection and urethral trauma. We studied perineal noise recording as an alternative, non-invasive diagnostic method in three flexible/extensible model urethras and two silicone tubes. METHODS The(More)
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) elastography visualizes local radial strain of arteries in so-called elastograms to detect rupture-prone plaques. However, due to the unknown arterial stress distribution these elastograms cannot be directly interpreted as a morphology and material composition image. To overcome this limitation we have developed a method that(More)
The material composition and morphology of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque components are considered to be more important determinants of acute coronary syndromes than the degree of stenosis. Rupture of a plaque causes thrombogenic material to contact the blood, resulting in a thrombus. Rupture-prone plaques contain an inflamed thin fibrous cap covering a(More)
Intravascular ultrasound (US) elastography measures in an artery the arterial radial strain and displays it in an elastogram. An elastogram adds diagnostic information, such as the proneness of a plaque to rupture and its material composition. However, radial strain depends upon the material properties of an artery, including geometry and used catheter(More)