Radim Vrzal

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In our study, we tested the hypothesis whether valproic acid (VPA) in therapeutic concentrations has potential to affect expression of CYP3A4 and MDR1 via constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) and pregnane X receptor (PXR) pathways. Interaction of VPA with CAR and PXR nuclear receptors was studied using luciferase reporter assays, real-time reverse(More)
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) regulates the expression of many genes involved in mineral metabolism, cellular proliferation, differentiation and drug biotransformation. We studied the expression and activity of VDR and its heterodimerization partner retinoid X receptor-alpha (RXRalpha) in choriocarcinoma trophoblast cell lines BeWo and JEG-3, in comparison with(More)
The small/short heterodimer partner (SHP, NR0B2) is a nuclear receptor corepressor lacking a DNA binding domain. SHP is induced by bile acid-activated farnesoid X receptor (FXR) resulting in CYP7A1 gene suppression. In contrast, Pregnane X receptor (PXR) activation by its ligands was recently suggested to inhibit SHP gene transactivation to maximize the(More)
The pregnane X receptor (PXR) is a key xenobiotic receptor that regulates the expression of numerous drug-metabolizing enzymes. Some posttranslational mechanisms modulate its transcriptional activity. Although several kinases have been shown to directly phosphorylate this receptor, little is known about phosphorylation sites of PXR. In the present work, we(More)
Berberine has long been considered a candidate for an antimalarial drug. It exerts a plethora of biological activities and has been used in the treatment of diarrhea and gastro-enteritis for centuries. Here we provide evidence that berberine activates the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) in human hepatoma (HepG2) and rat hepatoma cells stably transfected(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a cytosolic protein belonging to the family of nuclear receptors, controls transcription of a wide range of structurally unrelated genes. To date, the most potent AhR ligand is 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Exposure to TCDD leads to a number of toxic effects, in particular to tumor promotion and(More)
Cellular signaling by glucocorticoid receptor and aryl hydrocarbon receptor is restricted by microtubules interfering agents (MIAs). This leads to down-regulation of drug metabolizing enzymes and drug interactions. Here we investigated the effects of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and MIAs, i.e. colchicine, nocodazole and taxol on the regulation of retinoic(More)
Background: Organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1, SLC22A1) is a membrane transporter that is important for therapeutic effect of the antidiabetic drug metformin. Its liver-specific expression in hepatocytes is strongly controlled by hepatocyte nuclear factor-4a (HNF4a). HNF4a expression and transcriptional activity have been demonstrated to be augmented by(More)
Khellin and visnagin are two furanochromones that can be frequently found in ethnomedical formulations in Asia and the Middle East. Both compounds possess anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, therefore modern medicine uses these compounds or structurally related derivatives for treatment of vitiligo, bronchial asthma and renal colics. Despite their(More)
BACKGROUND Organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1, SLC22A1) is a membrane transporter that is important for therapeutic effect of the antidiabetic drug metformin. Its liver-specific expression in hepatocytes is strongly controlled by hepatocyte nuclear factor-4α (HNF4α). HNF4α expression and transcriptional activity have been demonstrated to be augmented by(More)