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Repeats-in-toxin (RTX) exoproteins of Gram-negative bacteria form a steadily growing family of proteins with diverse biological functions. Their common feature is the unique mode of export across the bacterial envelope via the type I secretion system and the characteristic, typically nonapeptide, glycine- and aspartate-rich repeats binding Ca(2+) ions. In(More)
Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase (AC) toxin-hemolysin (ACT-Hly) can penetrate a variety of eukaryotic cells. Recombinant AC toxoids have therefore been recently used for delivery of CD8(+) T-cell epitopes into antigen-presenting cells in vivo and for induction of protective antiviral, as well as therapeutic antitumor cytotoxic T-cell responses. We(More)
The Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase toxin-hemolysin (ACT or CyaA) is a multifunctional protein. It forms small cation-selective channels in target cell and lipid bilayer membranes and it delivers into cell cytosol the amino-terminal adenylate cyclase (AC) domain, which catalyzes uncontrolled conversion of ATP to cAMP and causes cell intoxication.(More)
Purification of recombinant proteins is often a challenging process involving several chromatographic steps that must be optimized for each target protein. Here, we developed a self-excising module allowing single-step affinity chromatography purification of untagged recombinant proteins. It consists of a 250-residue-long self-processing module of the(More)
Bordetella adenylate cyclase toxin-hemolysin (CyaA, AC-Hly, or ACT) permeabilizes cell membranes by forming small cation-selective (hemolytic) pores and subverts cellular signaling by delivering into host cells an adenylate cyclase (AC) enzyme that converts ATP to cAMP. Both AC delivery and pore formation were previously shown to involve a predicted(More)
A large subgroup of the repeat in toxin (RTX) family of leukotoxins of Gram-negative pathogens consists of pore-forming hemolysins. These can permeabilize mammalian erythrocytes (RBCs) and provoke their colloid osmotic lysis (hemolytic activity). Recently, ATP leakage through pannexin channels and P2X receptor-mediated opening of cellular calcium and(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with gastritis, ulcerations, and gastric adenocarcinoma. H. pylori secretes the vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA), a major pathogenicity factor. VacA has immunosuppressive effects, inhibiting interleukin-2 (IL-2) secretion by interference with the T cell receptor/IL-2 signaling pathway at the level of calcineurin, the(More)
Bordetella adenylate cyclase (AC) toxin-hemolysin (CyaA) targets myeloid phagocytes expressing the alphaMbeta2 integrin (CD11b/CD18) and delivers into their cytosol an AC enzyme that converts ATP into cyclic AMP (cAMP). In parallel, CyaA acts as a hemolysin, forming small membrane pores. Using specific mutations, we dissected the contributions of the two(More)
CyaA, the adenylate cyclase toxin from Bordetella pertussis, can deliver its N-terminal catalytic domain into the cytosol of a large number of eukaryotic cells and particularly into professional antigen-presenting cells. We have previously identified within the primary structure of CyaA several permissive sites at which insertion of peptides does not alter(More)
Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase (AC) toxin-hemolysin (Hly) (CyaA, ACT, or AC-Hly) is a cytotoxin of the RTX (repeat in toxin) family. It delivers into target cells an AC domain that catalyzes uncontrolled conversion of ATP to cAMP, a key signaling molecule subverting phagocyte functions. CyaA utilizes a heavily N-glycosylated beta(2) integrin(More)