Radhika R. Pochampally

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There is considerable interest in the biology and therapeutic potential of adult stem cells from bone marrow stroma, variously referred to as mesenchymal stem cells or marrow stromal cells (MSCs). Human MSCs can expand rapidly in culture, but the rate of expansion and the yields of multipotential progenitors are inversely related to the plating density and(More)
The ability of stem/progenitor cells to migrate and engraft into host tissues is key to their potential use in gene and cell therapy. Among the cells of interest are the adherent cells from bone marrow, referred to as mesenchymal stem cells or multipotent stromal cells (MSC). Since the bone marrow environment is hypoxic, with oxygen tensions ranging from 1%(More)
Emerging evidence indicates the presence of tumor-initiating cells (TIC) or cancer stem cells in osteosarcoma. However, no study has shown specific markers to identify osteosarcoma TICs with in vivo tumor formation ability. Additionally, there has been a lack of investigations gauging the contribution of osteosarcoma TICs to metastatic and drug-resistant(More)
Despite significant improvement in survival rates of patients with breast cancer, prognosis of metastatic disease is still dismal. Cancer stem-like cells (CSC) are considered to play a role in metastatic progression of breast cancer; however, the exact pathologic role of CSCs is yet to be elucidated. In this report, we found that CSCs(More)
Multipotent stromal cells (MSCs) have been shown to reduce apoptosis in injured cells by secretion of paracrine factors, but these factors were not fully defined. We observed that coculture of MSCs with previously UV-irradiated fibroblasts reduced apoptosis of the irradiated cells, but fresh MSC conditioned medium was unable reproduce the effect.(More)
Recently there has been interest in developing cell and gene therapies with adult stem cells from human bone marrow referred to as mesenchymal stem cells or marrow stromal cells (hMSCs). We incubated early-passage hMSCs in serum-free medium without cytokines or other supplements for 2 to 4 weeks. Surprisingly, a subpopulation of the cells survived serum(More)
LINE-1 expression damages host DNA via insertions and endonuclease-dependent DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) that are highly toxic and mutagenic. The predominant tissue of LINE-1 expression has been considered to be the germ line. We show that both full-length and processed L1 transcripts are widespread in human somatic tissues and transformed cells, with(More)
Recent reports indicated that vascular remodeling and angiogenesis are promoted by conditioned medium from the cells referred to as multipotent stromal cells (MSCs). However, the molecular events triggered by MSC-conditioned medium (CdM) were not defined. We examined the effects of CdM from human MSCs on cultures of primary human aortic endothelial cells(More)
Attempts have been made to develop cell and gene therapies using the adult stem cells from bone marrow referred to as mesenchymal stem cells or marrow stromal cells (MSCs). However, the results have been variable in part because there are no standardized protocols for preparing and characterizing MSCs. In the experiments presented here, we developed a(More)
Recent reports have indicated that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) from bone marrow have a potential in vascular remodeling and angiogenesis. Here, we report a unique phenomenon that under serum-deprived conditions MSCs survive and replicate. Secretome analysis of MSCs grown under serum-deprived conditions (SD-MSCs) identified a significant upregulation of(More)