Radhakrishna Gopala Pillai

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Thymidylate synthase (EC 2.1.1.45) is a key enzyme for the de novo synthesis of DNA and as such a target for anticancer drug development. There is a need to develop noninvasive methods for assessing thymidylate synthase inhibition in tumors. The aim of this study was to assess the potential of 3'-deoxy-3'-[(18)F]fluorothymidine ([(18)F]FLT) positron(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACI) are emerging as growth inhibitory compounds that modulate gene expression and inhibit tumor cell proliferation. We assessed whether 3'-deoxy-3'-[(18)F]fluorothymidine-positron emission tomography ([18F]FLT-PET) could be used to noninvasively measure the biological activity of a novel HDACI LAQ824 in vivo. We initially(More)
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) suppresses T cell responses by its action in catabolising tryptophan. It is important in maintenance of immune privilege in the placenta. We investigated the activity of IDO in the cornea, following corneal transplantation and the effect of IDO over-expression in donor corneal endothelium on the survival of corneal(More)
The assessment of tissue-specific pharmacodynamics is desirable in the development of tumor-targeted therapies. Plasma deoxyuridine (dUrd) levels, a measure of systemic thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition, has limited application for studying the pharmacodynamics of novel TS inhibitors targeted to the high affinity alpha-folate receptor (FR). Here, we have(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Allograft rejection is the commonest cause of corneal transplant failure and is significantly higher in high-risk patients. Corneal tissue is reported to produce chemokines in response to stress/inflammation. Expression of chemokines is central to the recruitment of leucocytes during inflammatory events. This study was designed to(More)
The assessment of tissue-specific pharmacodynamics is desirable in the development of tumor-targeted therapies. Plasma deoxyuridine (dUrd) levels, a measure of systemic thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition, has limited application for studying the pharmacodynamics of novel TS inhibitors targeted to the high affinity A-folate receptor (FR). Here, we have(More)
BACKGROUND The expression of chemokines is central to the recruitment of inflammatory cells for graft rejection, and modulation of chemokine action is of potential in preventing graft rejection. We have examined chemokine expression in a murine model of corneal allograft rejection, and also determined the effect of expressing a broad acting chemokine(More)
Graft rejection is critically dependent on the recruitment of leukocytes via adhesion molecules on the endothelium, and inhibition of these interactions can prolong graft survival. We have therefore developed an approach using siRNA to inhibit the expression of VCAM-1 in endothelial cells. We transfected siRNA constructs into murine corneal and vascular(More)
With advances in stem cell biology, tissue engineering is becoming increasingly powerful for tissue regeneration. Stem cells with capacity of multilineage and self-renewal are an ideal cell source for tissue engineering. This review focus on discussing the potential strategies including stem cell sources, bio-scaffolds, mechanical stimulation, genetic(More)
Posttensioned (PT) bridges are used on major thoroughfares because they are economical structures for traversing long spans. Special inspections of these bridges have revealed corrosion of the strands at void locations in the tendons. The integrity of these strands has significant influence on the safety of these bridges. Inspections indicate that many(More)