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The identification of leptin as a mediator of body weight regulation provided much initial excitement for the treatment of obesity. Unfortunately, leptin monotherapy is insufficient in reversing obesity in rodents or humans. Recent findings suggest that amylin is able to restore leptin sensitivity and when used in combination with leptin enhances body(More)
A subdomain of the human leptin receptor encoding part of the extracellular domain (amino acids 428 to 635) was subcloned, expressed in a prokaryotic host, and purified to homogeneity, as evidenced by SDS-PAGE, with over 95% monomeric protein. The purified leptin-binding domain (LBD) exhibited the predicted beta structure, was capable of binding human,(More)
Glucagon, an essential regulator of glucose homeostasis, also modulates lipid metabolism and promotes weight loss, as reflected by the wasting observed in glucagonoma patients. Recently, coagonist peptides that include glucagon agonism have emerged as promising therapeutic candidates for the treatment of obesity and diabetes. We developed a novel stable and(More)
Although obesity rates are rapidly rising, caloric restriction remains one of the few safe therapies. Here we tested the hypothesis that obesity-associated disorders are caused by increased adipose tissue as opposed to excess dietary lipids. Fat mass (FM) of lean C57B6 mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD; FMC mice) was "clamped" to match the FM of mice maintained(More)
The G protein-coupled receptor 83 (Gpr83) is widely expressed in brain regions regulating energy metabolism. Here we report that hypothalamic expression of Gpr83 is regulated in response to nutrient availability and is decreased in obese mice compared with lean mice. In the arcuate nucleus, Gpr83 colocalizes with the ghrelin receptor (Ghsr1a) and the(More)
The scaffold protein p62 (sequestosome 1; SQSTM1) is an emerging key molecular link among the metabolic, immune, and proliferative processes of the cell. Here, we report that adipocyte-specific, but not CNS-, liver-, muscle-, or myeloid-specific p62-deficient mice are obese and exhibit a decreased metabolic rate caused by impaired nonshivering(More)
Inhibin A and B, important regulators of normal function in tissues of the reproductive axis, are glycosylated at either Asn(268) or Asn(268) and Asn(302) in the alpha-subunit to produce 31- and 34-kDa isoforms, respectively. In this study, glycosylated isoforms of recombinant human inhibin A and B were purified from conditioned medium using immunoaffinity(More)
This paper presents a method for deriving Association rules by using apriori algorithm, clustering and fuzzy set concepts. Association rules of quantitative data are presented with mean and standard deviation, and with fuzzy linguistic terms. A case study was done on the commodity data to demonstrate vitality of proposed method. The statistical and fuzzy(More)
Background maintenance is a complex problem due to varying scene conditions. Typically, a single algorithm cannot handle the complex scene changes that occur in visual surveillance applications. Also complex background modelling techniques, for example mixture of Gaussians have a high computational and communication demand compared to simple techniques such(More)
Exercise is an effective therapy against the metabolic syndrome. However, the molecular pathways underlying the advantageous effects of exercise are elusive. Glucagon receptor signaling is essential for exercise benefits, and recent evidence indicates that a downstream effector of glucagon, fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), is implicated in this(More)