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We have recently shown that epidermal growth factor (EGF) strongly stimulates expansion of porcine oocyte-cumulus complexes (OCCs) isolated from large follicles (>6 mm) and does not promote expansion of OCCs from small (3-4-mm) follicles. In order to elucidate the role of EGF in OCCs expansion, in the present study, we first examined the presence of EGF(More)
To define signaling pathways that drive FSH- and epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like peptide-induced cumulus expansion and oocyte meiotic resumption, in vitro cultured pig cumulus-oocyte complexes were treated with specific protein kinase inhibitors. We found that FSH-induced maturation of oocytes was blocked in germinal vesicle (GV) stage by protein kinase(More)
The aim of this work was to assess the FSH-stimulated expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like peptides in cultured cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) and to find out the effect of the peptides on cumulus expansion, oocyte maturation, and acquisition of developmental competence in vitro. FSH promptly stimulated expression of amphiregulin (AREG) and(More)
All porcine oocytes cultured 20 hr in medium with 10 micrograms/ml cycloheximide rested in the germinal vesicle (GV) stage but with the highly condensed bivalents in nucleoplasm. When these oocytes were washed and cultured in the control medium for 2, 4, and 6 hr, germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) was completed in 0, 86, and 100% of them, respectively. When(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) efficiently stimulates expansion of mouse and rat oocyte-cumulus complexes (OCC). Contradictory data have been published by several laboratories about the ability of EGF to stimulate expansion of porcine OCC. We assumed that these contradictions may have resulted from heterogeneous conditions used for isolation, culture, and(More)
We have shown previously that porcine cumulus and mural granulosa cells produce a factor that is very similar, if not identical, to the oocyte-derived cumulus expansion-enabling factor (CEEF). Because growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) is the most likely candidate for the CEEF, in the present study we tested the hypothesis that GDF9 is expressed not(More)
In recent studies using a rat aortic balloon occlusion model, we have demonstrated that spinal grafting of rat or human neuronal precursors or human postmitotic hNT neurons leads to progressive amelioration of spasticity and rigidity and corresponding improvement in ambulatory function. In the present study, we characterized the optimal dosing regimen and(More)
Pig oocytes were matured in vitro in a modified M-199 medium for 44 h, subjected to electrical stimulation and scored for activation 6 h later. Sham pulsed oocytes, exposed to electroporation medium and an a.c. field, did not develop the female pronucleus any more frequently than occurs spontaneously (8.3% within 50 h of culture). However, a single d.c.(More)
Bovine oocytes matured in vitro for 26 hours were electrically stimulated 1) by a single pulse (Treatment A); 2) by 3 pulses 30 minutes apart (Treatment B); 3) by a single pulse followed by 5 minutes of incubation in the stimulation medium (Treatment C); or 4) by a single pulse at 27 hours of maturation (Treatment D). The oocytes were then cultured for up(More)
Oocyte-cumulus cell complexes (OCC) and complexes with an attached piece of membrana granulosa (C + P), isolated from prepubertal or cyclic gilts stimulated with pregnant mares' serum gonadotrophin, were cultured in media supplemented with follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH; 0.01-1.0 micrograms/ml) or forskolin (50-100 mumol/l) for 24 and 32 h. FSH and(More)