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The adipose tissue-derived hormone leptin regulates body weight homeostasis by decreasing food intake and increasing energy expenditure. The weight-reducing action of leptin is thought to be mediated primarily by signal transduction through the leptin receptor (LR) in the hypothalamus. We have used immunohistochemistry to localize LR-immunoreactive (LR-IR)(More)
The antiobesity effects of leptin are mediated by the obese receptor (OB-R), a member of the cytokine receptor superfamily. Several isoforms of OB-R that differ in the length of the cytoplasmic domain have been described. An isoform with a long cytoplasmic domain of 302 amino acids, termed OB-Rb, contains the conserved box 1 and box 2 motifs and is likely(More)
In higher eukaryotes, the expression of about 1 gene in 10 is strongly regulated at the level of messenger RNA (mRNA) translation into protein. Negative regulatory effects are often mediated by the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) and rely on the fact that the 40S ribosomal subunit first binds to the cap structure at the 5'-end of mRNA and then scans for the(More)
Integrins are critical for hemostasis and thrombosis because they mediate both platelet adhesion and aggregation. Talin is an integrin-binding cytoplasmic adaptor that is a central organizer of focal adhesions, and loss of talin phenocopies integrin deletion in Drosophila. Here, we have examined the role of talin in mammalian integrin function in vivo by(More)
In population studies of individuals given the antihypertensive drug debrisoquine, two distinct phenotypes have been described: extensive metabolizers excrete 10-200 times more of the urinary metabolite 4-hydroxydebrisoquine than poor metabolizers. In family studies the poor-metabolizer phenotype behaves as an autosomal recessive trait with an incidence(More)
Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are diseases caused by mutations in the haematopoietic stem cell (HSC) compartment. Most MPN patients have a common acquired mutation of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) gene in HSCs that renders this kinase constitutively active, leading to uncontrolled cell expansion. The bone marrow microenvironment might contribute to the(More)
Mutations in the MYH9 gene encoding the nonmuscle myosin heavy chain IIA result in bleeding disorders characterized by a macrothrombocytopenia. To understand the role of myosin in normal platelet functions and in pathology, we generated mice with disruption of MYH9 in megakaryocytes. MYH9Delta mice displayed macrothrombocytopenia with a strong increase in(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary thrombocythemia is an autosomal dominant disorder with clinical features resembling sporadic essential thrombocythemia. Germline mutations in families with hereditary thrombocythemia have been identified in the gene for thrombopoietin (TPHO) and its receptor, MPL. DESIGN AND METHODS Here we characterized a THPO mutation in a(More)
The majority of patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) carry a somatic JAK2-V617F mutation. Because additional mutations can precede JAK2-V617F, it is questioned whether JAK2-V617F alone can initiate MPN. Several mouse models have demonstrated that JAK2-V617F can cause MPN; however, in all these models disease was polyclonal. Conversely, cancer(More)