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Simultaneous recordings were made from gamma (gamma) motor axons and from muscle spindle afferents of the medial gastrocnemius (MG) muscle during locomotion in decerebrate cats. The gamma-neurons were identified as static or dynamic (gammas or gammad) by correlating their behaviour during midbrain stimulation with changes in muscle spindle afferent(More)
1. A population of 269 gastrocnemius muscle spindle afferents have been studied in anaesthetized cats for the effects of succinylcholine (SCh) on their response to ramp and hold stretches repeated every 6 s. The effectiveness and reliability of the SCh test was improved by prior stimulation of the muscle at 10 Hz for 30 s to increase the blood flow. 2.(More)
In locomotion, the flexor muscles of the leg are mainly concerned with the relatively constant task of raising the foot, whereas the extensors have the more variable task of support and propulsion at different speeds. This suggests that the way in which the fusimotor system works may differ between the two muscle groups. Observations previously made of the(More)
1. The effects of the muscle-depolarizing drug succinylcholine (SCh) on the stretch responses of jaw-closer muscle spindle afferents were studied in the anaesthetized cat. Using ramp and hold stretches repeated every 6 s the basic measurements made were: initial frequency (IF), peak frequency (PF) and static index (SI), the frequency 0.5 s after the end of(More)
Recordings have been made from 127 single muscle spindle afferents from the longissimus lumborum muscles of anaesthetized cats. They have been characterized by their responses to passive muscle stretch and the effects of succinylcholine (SCh) and by their sensitivity to vibration. The use of SCh permitted the assessment for each afferent of the influence of(More)
The study of the patterns of gamma-motor activity which accompany natural contractions has been long and difficult, and has not as yet led to general agreement. In this review we have simplified matters by considering the case of locomotion in the cat only, and we have avoided discussion of the various hypotheses which have been advanced to provide general(More)
This study examines the effect of 4 wk of high-intensity isometric resistance training on induced tremor in knee extensor muscles. Fourteen healthy volunteers were assigned to either the training group (n = 7) or the nontraining control group (n = 7). Induced tremor was assessed by measuring force fluctuations during anisometric contractions against spring(More)
1. Recordings have been made from multiple single muscle spindle afferents from medial gastrocnemius (MG) and tibialis anterior (TA) muscles of one hindlimb in decerebrate cats, together with ankle rotation and EMG signals, during treadmill locomotion. Whilst the other three limbs walked freely, the experimental limb was denervated except for the nerves to(More)
The contribution of muscle spindles to the control of locomotion depends on the patterns of discharge that occur in static and dynamic gamma motoneurones (gammaS and gammaD). Discharges of gamma-axons to the MG muscle were studied during treadmill locomotion in pre-mammillary, decerebrated cats. All gammaS-efferents increased their rate of discharge at(More)
In this study, the effects of mental fatigue on mechanically induced tremor at both a low (3-6Hz) and high (8-12Hz) frequency were investigated. The two distinct tremor frequencies were evoked using two springs of different stiffness, during 20s sustained contractions of the knee extensor muscles at 30% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) before and after(More)