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Members of the Bacteroides fragilis group are among the most common anaerobic bacterial isolates in clinical specimens. Metronidazole, a 5-nitroimidazole, is often used as empirical therapy for anaerobic infections. Susceptibility testing is not routinely performed because of nearly universal susceptibility of Bacteroides spp. to this agent. We report a(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ) agonists (thiazolidinediones) are widely prescribed for the treatment of type-II diabetes mellitus. Recently, PPAR-γ agonists have shown neuroprotective effects in neurodegenerative disorders. The current study was carried out to investigate the effects of chronic administration of pioglitazone, a(More)
OBJECTIVE It was the aim of this study to examine the potential value of cervical length at 11-13 weeks' gestation in the prediction of spontaneous preterm delivery. METHODS This was a screening study for spontaneous preterm delivery in singleton pregnancies from cervical length measured by transvaginal ultrasound at 11-13 weeks' gestation. The(More)
BACKGROUND Fissure-in-ano is a common condition that leads to pain and affects quality of life. Sphincterotomy remains the gold standard, but it may lead to troublesome incontinence in some patients. To overcome this problem, numerous pharmacologic therapies have been tested with varying outcomes. The investigators compared the effect of the addition of(More)
BACKGROUND Resveratrol (3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene) is a naturally occurring compound found in grapes, wine, peanuts and cranberries. Recently, in vitro and cell culture studies have reported beneficial effects of resveratrol in the neurodegenerative process in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, in vivo effect of resveratrol in models of learning and memory(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluated the clinical efficacy of mirtazapine and its effect on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels in patients of major-depressive disorder (MDD) with severe depression. METHODS Patients (aged 18-60) with MDD diagnosed by DSM-IV criteria, and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression(More)
Combination of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) is increasingly used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Hepatotoxicity has been an important safety concern with DMARDs therapy. Though leflunomide (CAS 75706-12-6) has emerged as an effective oral DMARD, its use is associated with hepatotoxicity. Limited data is available(More)
This study was undertaken to study efficacy of single dose of intravenous magnesium sulphate to reduce post-operative pain in patients undergoing inguinal surgery. One hundred patients undergoing inguinal surgery were divided randomly in two groups of 50 each. The patients of magnesium sulphate group (Group-I) received magnesium sulphate 50 mg/kg in 250 ml(More)
Background: Resveratrol (3,4’,5-trihydroxystilbene) is a naturally occurring compound found in grapes, wine, peanuts and cranberries. Recently, in vitro and cell culture studies have reported beneficial effects of resveratrol in the neurodegenerative process in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, in vivo effect of resveratrol in models of learning and memory(More)