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Absence of Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein (FMRP), an RNA-binding protein, is responsible for the Fragile X syndrome, the most common form of inherited mental retardation. FMRP is a cytoplasmic protein associated with mRNP complexes containing poly(A)+mRNA. As a step towards understanding FMRP function(s), we have established the immortal STEK Fmr1 KO(More)
Our previous work has demonstrated that the Tudor domain of the 'survival of motor neuron' protein and the Tudor domain-containing protein 3 (TDRD3) are highly similar and that they both have the ability to interact with arginine-methylated polypeptides. TDRD3 has been identified among genes whose overexpression has a strong predictive value for poor(More)
Stress granules (SGs) are well characterized cytoplasmic RNA bodies that form under various stress conditions. We have observed that exposure of mammalian cells in culture to low doses of UVC induces the formation of discrete cytoplasmic RNA granules that were detected by immunofluorescence staining using antibodies to RNA-binding proteins. UVC-induced(More)
Fragile X syndrome is caused by the absence of the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP). This RNA-binding protein is widely expressed in human and mouse tissues, and it is particularly abundant in the brain because of its high expression in neurons, where it localizes in the cell body and in granules throughout dendrites. Although FMRP is thought to(More)
BACKGROUND p21(WAF1/CIP1) is a well known cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor induced by various stress stimuli. Depending on the stress applied, p21 upregulation can either promote apoptosis or prevent against apoptotic injury. The stress-mediated induction of p21 involves not only its transcriptional activation but also its posttranscriptional regulation,(More)
Mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) are the most frequent cause of genetic Parkinson's disease (PD). The biological function of LRRK2 and how mutations lead to disease remain poorly defined. It has been proposed that LRRK2 could function in gene transcription regulation; however, this issue remains controversial. Here, we investigated in(More)
Fragile X Mental Retardation protein (FMRP) is an RNA-binding protein that contains multiple domains with apparently differential affinity to mRNA and to the ribonucleotide homopolymer poly(G). Attempts have been made to map the RNA-binding sites along the protein sequence with a view to determining which of the KH1, KH2 and RGG domains are required to(More)
BACKGROUND Cytoplasmic stress granules (SGs) are specialized storage sites of untranslated mRNAs whose formation occurs under different stress conditions and is often associated with cell survival. SGs-inducing stresses include radiations, hypoxia, viral infections, and chemical inhibitors of specific translation initiation factors. The FDA-approved drug(More)
Fragile X mental retardation 1 protein (FMRP) is the archetype of a class of cytoplasmic mRNA-binding proteins that includes the fragile X-related 1 and 2 proteins (FXR1P and FXR2P). Whereas absence of FMRP is the cause of fragile X syndrome, it is not known if FXR1P and FXR2P are associated with any pathology. It is also still elusive whether these(More)
The RNA-binding protein Fragile X Mental Retardation (FMRP) is an evolutionarily conserved protein that is particularly abundant in the brain due to its high expression in neurons. FMRP deficiency causes fragile X mental retardation syndrome. In neurons, FMRP controls the translation of target mRNAs in part by promoting dynamic transport in and out neuronal(More)