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Three-dimensional measurement of joint motion is a promising tool for clinical evaluation and therapeutic treatment comparisons. Although many devices exist for joints kinematics assessment, there is a need for a system that could be used in routine practice. Such a system should be accurate, ambulatory, and easy to use. The combination of gyroscopes and(More)
In this paper, a semi-automatic method for segmenting pressure distribution image-based data at the body-seat interface is presented. The purpose of this work was to estimate the surface and the load supported by the ischial tuberosity (IT) region. The proposed method involves three steps: (1) detecting the IT region using a pressure-distribution image(More)
OBJECTIVE Knee instability and joint loading transmission are two important biomechanical factors in subjects with knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, the relationship between these factors in a rehabilitation treatment remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to determine the responsiveness of a new three-dimensional (3D) acceleration method used as an(More)
The purpose of this study was to quantify the effects of five distinct slopes on spatiotemporal and pushrim kinetic measures at the nondominant upper limb during manual wheelchair (MWC) propulsion on a motorized treadmill in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Eighteen participants with SCI propelled their MWC at a self-selected natural speed on a(More)
The aim of this study was to determine, by simulation on real data, the effect of modifying the direction or effectiveness of a given force amplitude on the load sustained by the shoulder estimated by joint forces and moments. Kinematics and kinetics data were recorded on 14 manual wheelchair users 68.2+/-5.2 years for 10 s at sub-maximal speed (0.96-1.01(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship between the resultant force at the pushrim and the net shoulder joint moments during manual wheelchair propulsion in elderly persons. DESIGN Convenience sample. SETTING Motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Older manual wheelchair users (N=14; age, 68.2+/-5.2y) were tested. INTERVENTIONS Kinematic and(More)
Measurement of three-dimensional (3D) knee joint angle outside a laboratory is of benefit in clinical examination and therapeutic treatment comparison. Although several motion capture devices exist, there is a need for an ambulatory system that could be used in routine practice. Up-to-date, inertial measurement units (IMUs) have proven to be suitable for(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of system tilt and back recline angles on sliding and pressure distribution of seated subjects. Ten able-bodied subjects adopted successively 12 postures on a multiadjustable simulator chair. The system tilt angle was varied from 0 degrees to 45 degrees posterior tilt, while the seat to back angle varied(More)
In the literature, conventional 3D inverse dynamic models are limited in three aspects related to inverse dynamic notation, body segment parameters and kinematic formalism. First, conventional notation yields separate computations of the forces and moments with successive coordinate system transformations. Secondly, the way conventional body segment(More)
A new flexible contour backrest for wheelchairs was designed with the objectives of offering adequate posture, uniform pressure distribution, and comfort to the users while keeping the advantages of conventional sling backrests, such as easy to fold, light weight, unobtrusive, and airy. The purpose of this study is to compare the new backrest with two(More)