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Body segment parameters are essential data in biomechanics. They are usually computed with population-specific predictive equations from literature. Recently, medical imaging and video-based methods were also reported for personalized computation. However, these methods present limitations: some of them provide only two-dimensional measurements or external(More)
In the literature, conventional 3D inverse dynamic models are limited in three aspects related to inverse dynamic notation, body segment parameters and kinematic formalism. First, conventional notation yields separate computations of the forces and moments with successive coordinate system transformations. Secondly, the way conventional body segment(More)
Three-dimensional measurement of joint motion is a promising tool for clinical evaluation and therapeutic treatment comparisons. Although many devices exist for joints kinematics assessment, there is a need for a system that could be used in routine practice. Such a system should be accurate, ambulatory, and easy to use. The combination of gyroscopes and(More)
A new flexible contour backrest for wheelchairs was designed with the objectives of offering adequate posture, uniform pressure distribution, and comfort to the users while keeping the advantages of conventional sling backrests, such as easy to fold, light weight, unobtrusive, and airy. The purpose of this study is to compare the new backrest with two(More)
The purpose of this study was to quantify the effects of five distinct slopes on spatiotemporal and pushrim kinetic measures at the nondominant upper limb during manual wheelchair (MWC) propulsion on a motorized treadmill in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Eighteen participants with SCI propelled their MWC at a self-selected natural speed on a(More)
In this paper, a semi-automatic method for segmenting pressure distribution image-based data at the body-seat interface is presented. The purpose of this work was to estimate the surface and the load supported by the ischial tuberosity (IT) region. The proposed method involves three steps: (1) detecting the IT region using a pressure-distribution image(More)
OBJECTIVE Knee instability and joint loading transmission are two important biomechanical factors in subjects with knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, the relationship between these factors in a rehabilitation treatment remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to determine the responsiveness of a new three-dimensional (3D) acceleration method used as an(More)
The aim of this study was to determine, by simulation on real data, the effect of modifying the direction or effectiveness of a given force amplitude on the load sustained by the shoulder estimated by joint forces and moments. Kinematics and kinetics data were recorded on 14 manual wheelchair users 68.2+/-5.2 years for 10 s at sub-maximal speed (0.96-1.01(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship between the resultant force at the pushrim and the net shoulder joint moments during manual wheelchair propulsion in elderly persons. DESIGN Convenience sample. SETTING Motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Older manual wheelchair users (N=14; age, 68.2+/-5.2y) were tested. INTERVENTIONS Kinematic and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the test-retest reliability and the minimal clinical change determination for accelerometric parameters, estimated by a new accelerometric-based method that estimates 3-dimensional (3D) linear accelerations of the tibia and femur during comfortable and fast walking speeds. DESIGN Test-retest study. SETTING Gait laboratory in a(More)