Rachid Aissaoui

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Three-dimensional measurement of joint motion is a promising tool for clinical evaluation and therapeutic treatment comparisons. Although many devices exist for joints kinematics assessment, there is a need for a system that could be used in routine practice. Such a system should be accurate, ambulatory, and easy to use. The combination of gyroscopes and(More)
Measurement of three-dimensional (3D) knee joint angle outside a laboratory is of benefit in clinical examination and therapeutic treatment comparison. Although several motion capture devices exist, there is a need for an ambulatory system that could be used in routine practice. Up-to-date, inertial measurement units (IMUs) have proven to be suitable for(More)
In the literature, conventional 3D inverse dynamic models are limited in three aspects related to inverse dynamic notation, body segment parameters and kinematic formalism. First, conventional notation yields separate computations of the forces and moments with successive coordinate system transformations. Secondly, the way conventional body segment(More)
Body segment parameters are essential data in biomechanics. They are usually computed with population-specific predictive equations from literature. Recently, medical imaging and video-based methods were also reported for personalized computation. However, these methods present limitations: some of them provide only two-dimensional measurements or external(More)
The aim of this work is to develop an automatic computer method to distinguish between asymptomatic (AS) and osteoarthritis (OA) knee gait patterns using 3-D ground reaction force (GRF) measurements. GRF features are first extracted from the force vector variations as a function of time and then classified by the nearest neighbor rule. We investigated two(More)
The main objective was to quantify the effects of five different slopes on trunk and shoulder kinematics as well as shoulder kinetic and muscular demands during manual wheelchair (MWC) propulsion on a motorized treadmill. Eighteen participants with spinal cord injury propelled their MWC at a self-selected constant speed on a motorized treadmill set at(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of system tilt and back recline angles on sliding and pressure distribution of seated subjects. Ten able-bodied subjects adopted successively 12 postures on a multiadjustable simulator chair. The system tilt angle was varied from 0 degrees to 45 degrees posterior tilt, while the seat to back angle varied(More)
In this paper, a semi-automatic method for segmenting pressure distribution image-based data at the body-seat interface is presented. The purpose of this work was to estimate the surface and the load supported by the ischial tuberosity (IT) region. The proposed method involves three steps: (1) detecting the IT region using a pressure-distribution image(More)
The purpose of this study was to quantify the effects of five distinct slopes on spatiotemporal and pushrim kinetic measures at the nondominant upper limb during manual wheelchair (MWC) propulsion on a motorized treadmill in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Eighteen participants with SCI propelled their MWC at a self-selected natural speed on a(More)
This study presents a new method to estimate 3-D linear accelerations at tibial and femoral functional coordinate systems. The method combines the use of 3-D accelerometers, 3-D gyroscopes and reflective markers rigidly fixed on an exoskeleton and, a functional postural calibration method. Marker positions were tracked by a six-camera optoelectronic system(More)