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The oxidative stress response is an important pathway involved in maintaining redox homeostasis in cells, preventing damage induced by free radicals and reactive oxygen species. The central regulator of this response is the transcription factor Nrf2. Nrf2 modulates expression of the oxidative stress genes via the antioxidant response element (ARE).(More)
The prion protein PrP has a key role in transmissible spongiform encephalopathies but its biological function remains largely unknown. Recently, a related protein, Shadoo, was discovered. Its biological properties and brain distribution partially overlap that of PrP. We report that the Shadoo-encoding gene knockdown in PrP-knockout mouse embryos results in(More)
Non-mouse mammalian transgenesis is limited by its overall inefficiency and technical hurdles. Recent years have seen the emergence of two approaches that are applicable to most mammals. The first, based on lentivirus vectors, allows efficient generation of transgenic founders, most of them expressing the transgene. The second, recently applied to produce(More)
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have emerged as potential biomarkers in several cancers such as colon, prostate, and breast carcinomas, with a correlation between CTC number and patient prognosis being established by independent research groups. The detection and enumeration of CTCs, however, is still a developing field, with no universal method of detection(More)
Although Patch mutants show severe abnormalities in many neural crest-derived structures including the face and the heart, there is a paucity of information characterizing the mechanisms underlying these congenital defects. Via manipulating the genetic background to circumvent early embryonic lethality, our results revealed that Patch phenotypes are most(More)
The biological function of the Prion protein remains largely unknown but recent data revealed its implication in early zebrafish and mammalian embryogenesis. To gain further insight into its biological function, comparative transcriptomic analysis between FVB/N and FVB/N Prnp knockout mice was performed at early embryonic stages. RNAseq analysis revealed(More)
BACKGROUND The physiological function of the prion protein remains largely elusive while its key role in prion infection has been expansively documented. To potentially assess this conundrum, we performed a comparative transcriptomic analysis of the brain of wild-type mice with that of transgenic mice invalidated at this locus either at the zygotic or at(More)
The potential requirement of either the Prion or Shadoo protein for early mouse embryogenesis was recently suggested. However, the current data did not allow to precise the developmental process that was affected in the absence of both proteins and that led to the observed early lethal phenotype. In the present study, using various Prnp transgenic mouse(More)
Transgenic reporter mice can contribute in the development of less toxic and more selective drugs to treat disease. In this brief communication we describe the generation and initial validation of transgenic mice that provide a visual spatial readout of oxidative stress. These mice carry a LacZ reporter transgene driven by the human haem oxygenase 1(More)
The protein Shadoo (Sho) is a paralogue of prion protein, and encoded by the gene Sprn. Like prion protein it is primarily expressed in central nervous system, and has been shown to have a similar expression pattern in certain regions of the brain. We have generated reporter mice carrying a transgene encompassing the Sprn promoter, exon 1, intron 1 and the(More)