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The traffic forecasting model, when considered as a system with inputs of historical and current data and outputs of future data, behaves in a nonlinear fashion and varies with time of day. Traffic data are found to change abruptly during the transition times of entering or leaving rush hours. Accurate and real-time models are needed to approximate the(More)
  • S Chen, R R He
  • 1998
To observe the effect of intracarotid administration of adenosine on neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) region, 72 spontaneous active units were extracellularly recorded from 28 Sprague-Dawley rats with sino-aortic denervation. The results obtained are as follows: (1) intracarotid administration of Ado (25 micrograms/kg) reduced the(More)
  • D P Li, R R He
  • 1999
To observe the effect of intracarotid administration of endothelin (ET-1) on electrical activity of neurons within rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) region, 87 spontaneous active units were extracellularly recorded in 35 Sprague-Dawley rats with sino-aortic denervation. The results obtained are as follows. (1) Intracarotid administration of ET-1 (0.3(More)
Effects of adenosine (Ado) on spontaneous and glutamate induced discharges of neurons in CA1 area of hippocampal slices were examined using extracelluar recording technique. The results are as follows. (1) In response to the application of Ado (0.01 0.1 micromol/L, n=20) into the superfusate, spontaneous discharge rates (SDR) of 20 neurons decreased(More)
Routing in dynamic and stochastic network is to provide adaptive 'best' route guidance where the link/route travel times are modelled as a time-varying stochastic process. Typical approaches for routing when travel times are both dynamic and stochastic assume that link travel times are independent and travellers are seeking for expected shortest paths. It(More)
MALDI imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS) has been used successfully in mapping different lipids in tissue sections, yet existing protocols fail to detect the diverse species of mitochondria-unique cardiolipins (CLs) in the brain which are essential for cellular and mitochondrial physiology. We have developed methods enabling the imaging of individual CLs(More)
The contents of this report reflect the views of the authors who are responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views of the Wisconsin Department of Transportation or the Federal Highway Administration at the time of publication. This document is disseminated under the(More)
Expression of c-fos protein in the medulla oblongata after baroreceptor activation by elevated intrasinus pressure (ISP) and perfusion of adenosine (Ado) was examined in 14 vascularly isolated carotid sinus perfusion rats. The results showed that Fos-like immunoreactive (FLI) neurons were distributed throughout nucleus tractus solitarius, area postrema,(More)
Transportation Synthesis Reports (TSRs) are brief summaries of currently available information on topics of interest to WisDOT technical staff in highway development, construction and operations. Online and print sources include NCHRP and other TRB programs, AASHTO, the research and practices of other state DOTs, and related academic and industry research.(More)