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The netrins and slits are two families of widely conserved cues that guide axons and cells along the dorsal-ventral (D-V) axis of animals. These cues typically emanate from the dorsal or ventral midlines and provide spatial information to migrating cells by forming gradients along the D-V axis. Some cell types, however, extend processes to both the dorsal(More)
Natural variation in human drug metabolism and target genes can cause pharmacogenetic or interindividual variation in drug sensitivity. We reasoned that natural pharmacogenetic variation in model organisms could be systematically exploited to facilitate the characterization of new small molecules. To test this, we subjected multiple Arabidopsis thaliana(More)
The postsynaptic membrane of the embryonic neuromuscular junction undergoes a dramatic expansion during later development to facilitate the depolarization of larger muscles. In C. elegans, the postsynaptic membrane resides at the termini of plasma membrane extensions called muscle arms. Membrane extension to the motor axons during larval development doubles(More)
We present a hierarchical Bayesian model for sets of related, but different, classes of time series data. Our model performs alignment simultaneously across all classes, while detecting and characterizing class-specific differences. During inference the model produces, for each class, a distribution over a canonical representation of the class. These(More)
Sortin1 is a chemical genetic-hit molecule that causes specific mislocalization of plant and yeast-soluble and membrane vacuolar markers. To better understand its mode of action, we designed a Sortin1-hypersensitive screen and identified several Sortin1-hypersensitive and flavonoid-defective mutants. Mechanistically, Sortin1 mimics the effect of the(More)
The DAF-9 cytochrome P450 is a key regulator of dauer formation, developmental timing and longevity in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Here we describe the first identified chemical inhibitor of DAF-9 and the first reported small-molecule tool that robustly induces dauer formation in typical culture conditions. This molecule (called dafadine) also(More)
fluorescent dyes Dil or DiO via microinjection to generate a fate-map of the non-neural ectoderm of Xenopus laevis embryos during neurulation. Our lineage analysis confirms that all placodes arise from a common primordium and indicates the regions of origin of the different placodes. We further use time-lapse videomicros-copy to analyse the cell movements(More)
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