Rachel Picada Bulcão

Learn More
Toluene is an organic solvent used in numerous processes and products, including industrial paints. Toluene neurotoxicity and reproductive toxicity are well recognized; however, its genotoxicity is still under discussion, and toluene is not classified as a carcinogenic solvent. Using the comet assay and the micronucleus test for detection of possible(More)
Oxidative stress has been shown to be involved in lead and cadmium toxicity. We recently showed that the activity of the antioxidant enzyme thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) is increased in the kidneys of lead-exposed rats. The present study evaluated the blood cadmium and blood lead levels (BLLs) and their relationship with hematological and oxidative stress(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is a process involved in haemodialysis-related pathologies such as cerebrovascular diseases. Retinol is the major circulating form of vitamin A and it is elevated in haemodialysis (HD) patients. It is known that these patients present anaemia that is not totally responsive to erythropoietin. The aim of this study was to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to investigate the relationships among the plasma levels of carotenoids, tocopherols, endogenous antioxidants, oxidative damage and lipid profiles and their possible effects on the cardiovascular risk associated with hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS The study groups were divided into HD and healthy subjects. Plasma carotenoid,(More)
We evaluated genotoxic effects of exposure to low levels of benzene, a class I human carcinogen, among gasoline station attendants (GSA). Oxidative stress and the protective effects of antioxidants on DNA damage were also analyzed. Although exposures were below ACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists) limits, the GSA group presented(More)
Several studies have associated exposure to environmental pollutants, especially polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), with the development of cardiovascular diseases. Considering that 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) is the major biomarker of exposure to pyrenes, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential association between 1-OHP and oxidative(More)
Paints are composed of an extensive variety of hazardous substances, such as organic solvents and heavy metals. Biomonitoring is an essential tool for assessing the risk to occupational health. Thus, this study analyzed the levels of biomarkers of exposure for toluene, xylene, styrene, ethylbenzene, and lead, as well as the oxidative stress biomarker(More)
OBJECTIVES To verify if there is influence of the vitamin C blood levels on oxidative stress markers in elderly people. In order to verify it, women from a public retirement home were compared to non-institutionalized ones; all of them were in healthy conditions. DESIGN AND METHODS Vitamin C, albumin, reduced glutathione, malondialdehyde (MDA), protein(More)
Several diseases and xenobiotics are known to generate reactive species that may trigger oxidative stress when not properly scavenged by the antioxidant defenses and result in tissue damage. We investigated lipid peroxidation (LPO) as a possible mechanism for tissue damage in some pathologies, in the normal aging process, and in subjects exposed to organic(More)
Owing to concerns over the effects of the physicochemical properties of nanoparticles and their interaction with biological systems, further investigation is required. We investigated, for the first time, the toxicity of lipid-core nanocapsules (LNCs) containing a polymeric wall of poly(ε-caprolactone) and a coating of polysorbate 80 used as drug delivery(More)