Rachel P. Dreyer

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We examined patterns of affiliation, association, and aggression to inquire whether spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) can distinguish among various groups of maternal and paternal siblings. If so, and if these animals conform to predictions of kin selection theory, then behavioral interactions among hyenas should vary with relatedness. We also considered(More)
1. In response to electrical stimulation, the bag cell neurons of Aplysia generate an afterdischarge that lasts 20-40 min. During this afterdischarge several neuroactive peptides are released. We have now studied the time course of release of two of these peptides, egg-laying hormone (ELH) and acidic peptide (AP). For the collection of released peptides,(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of sex differences in long-term mortality after acute myocardial infarction have reported mixed results. A systematic review is needed to characterize what is known about sex differences in long-term outcomes and to define gaps in knowledge. METHODS AND RESULTS We searched the Medline database from 1966 to December 2012 to identify all(More)
BACKGROUND Google Trends is a novel, freely accessible tool that allows users to interact with Internet search data, which may provide deep insights into population behavior and health-related phenomena. However, there is limited knowledge about its potential uses and limitations. We therefore systematically reviewed health care literature using Google(More)
Several biologic and clinical factors contribute to the increased 30-day mortality and re-infarction rate in women with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Sex differences in cardiac hemodynamic parameters such as pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) have not been examined and might play an important role. The objectives of the present(More)
Background Long-term nonfatal outcomes after implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) placement are poorly defined. Objective To determine the long-term risk for ICD-related complications requiring reoperation or hospitalization and reoperation for reasons other than complications, and to assess associated patient and device characteristics. Design(More)
BACKGROUND Social support is an important predictor of health outcomes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but social support varies by sex and age. Differences in social support could account for sex differences in outcomes of young patients with AMI. METHODS AND RESULTS Data from the Variation in Recovery: Role of Gender on Outcomes of Young AMI(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether younger, but not older, women in China have higher in-hospital mortality following ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) compared with men, and whether this relationship varied over the last decade or across rural/urban areas. METHODS We analysed a nationally representative sample of 11 986 patients with STEMI from(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the excess risk of mortality in young women (≤55 years of age) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), little is known about young women's health status (symptoms, functioning, quality of life) during the first year of recovery after an AMI. We examined gender differences in health status over time from baseline to 12 months after AMI.(More)
AIMS We assessed gender differences in pre-event health status (symptoms, functioning, quality of life) in young patients with acute myocardial infarction and whether or not this association persists following sequential adjustment for important covariates. We also evaluated the interaction between gender and prior coronary artery disease, given that(More)