Learn More
BACKGROUND The interrogation of proteomes ("proteomics") in a highly multiplexed and efficient manner remains a coveted and challenging goal in biology and medicine. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We present a new aptamer-based proteomic technology for biomarker discovery capable of simultaneously measuring thousands of proteins from small sample volumes(More)
Agar culture from vaginal swabs is the routine method for diagnosis of maternal Group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization. Swab specimens are often transported to a clinical laboratory for processing. In these studies, specimen transport was simulated by inoculating swabs with GBS and storing them at selected temperatures and with or without transport(More)
BACKGROUND Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. New diagnostics are needed to detect early stage lung cancer because it may be cured with surgery. However, most cases are diagnosed too late for curative surgery. Here we present a comprehensive clinical biomarker study of lung cancer and the first large-scale clinical application of a(More)
Biological thin films may form on a surface by specific molecular interactions. The fixed polarizer ellipsometer (FPE) is a sensitive instrument that detects biological thin films either qualitatively or quantitatively. The design is simple and inexpensive. The assays are formatted on an optical surface, and the FPE detection is based on the phase shift of(More)
Using modified nucleotides and selecting for slow off-rates in the SELEX procedure, we have evolved a special class of aptamers, called SOMAmers (slow off-rate modified aptamers), which bind tightly and specifically to proteins in body fluids. We use these in a novel assay that yields 1:1 complexes of the SOMAmers with their cognate proteins in body fluids.(More)
BACKGROUND We have developed a silicon-based biosensor that generates a visual signal in response to nucleic acid targets. METHODS In this system, capture oligonucleotide probes are immobilized on the surface of the biosensor. Interaction of the capture probes with a complementary target and a biotinylated detector oligonucleotide allows initiation of(More)
Multiplexed photoaptamer-based arrays that allow for the simultaneous measurement of multiple proteins of interest in serum samples are described. Since photoaptamers covalently bind to their target analytes before fluorescent signal detection, the arrays can be vigorously washed to remove background proteins, providing the potential for superior(More)
Blood-based protein biomarkers hold great promise to advance medicine with applications that detect and diagnose diseases and aid in their treatment. We are developing such applications with our proteomics technology that combines high-content with low limits of detection. Biomarker discovery relies heavily on archived blood sample collections. Blood is(More)
Progression from health to disease is accompanied by complex changes in protein expression in both the circulation and affected tissues. Large-scale comparative interrogation of the human proteome can offer insights into disease biology as well as lead to the discovery of new biomarkers for diagnostics, new targets for therapeutics, and can identify(More)
CT screening for lung cancer is effective in reducing mortality, but there are areas of concern, including a positive predictive value of 4% and development of interval cancers. A blood test that could manage these limitations would be useful, but development of such tests has been impaired by variations in blood collection that may lead to poor(More)