Rachel M Knott

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The regulation of glucose transporters (GLUT-1 and GLUT-3), in terms of both mRNA and protein, in human retinal endothelial cells was investigated. The cells responded within 1 h of exposure to 5 mM glucose with an increase in the level of GLUT-3 mRNA that was due to an increase in the transcription of the 4.1 kb mRNA of the gene for GLUT-3. In the absence(More)
PURPOSE The influence of polymer architecture on cellular uptake and transport across Caco-2 cells of novel amphiphilic polyelectrolyte-insulin nanocomplexes was investigated. METHOD Polyallylamine (PAA) (15 kDa) was grafted with palmitoyl chains (Pa) and subsequently modified with quaternary ammonium moieties (QPa). These two amphiphilic polyelectrolytes(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The growth of retinal vessels is associated with a number of disease conditions, including diabetic retinopathy and proliferative vitreo-retinopathy. In this study we describe a model of human retinal angiogenesis and show how this may be used to explain the mechanisms that are associated with the growth of new retinal vessels. METHODS A 4(More)
The mechanism whereby inflammatory cells gain access to the retina in posterior intraocular inflammatory disease remains unclear. The chemokine RANTES has the potential to influence the migration of memory T cells and monocytes across the blood-retinal barrier during inflammatory eye disease. We have therefore examined the production of RANTES by cultured(More)
In proliferating C2C12 myoblasts, serum and physiological concentrations of insulin and IGF-I stimulated protein synthesis and RNA accretion. After fusion, the multinucleated myotubes remained responsive to serum but not to insulin or IGF-I, even though both insulin and type-I IGF receptor mRNAs increased in abundance. Protein synthetic responses to insulin(More)
AIM To investigate L-selectin expression and shedding in patients with and without retinopathy and to determine if any observed changes are reflected by a functional change in the adhesion of leucocytes to an endothelial monolayer. METHODS Age matched diabetic patients (26 with retinopathy, 19 without retinopathy) were compared to 24 non-diabetic controls(More)
The regulation of GLUT-3 and aldose reductase mRNA in retinal endothelial cells and retinal pericytes was studied in response to variations in the extracellular concentration of hexoses. In physiological concentrations of glucose (5 mmol/l), an increase in the level of GLUT-3 mRNA was observed in cultured cells compared to the level of mRNA found in the(More)
In the present study, we examined the effect of glucose concentration on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) mRNA using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-betaCR) in normal healthy leukocytes in vitro and in leukocytes from(More)
Tissue-specific alterations in insulin sensitivity occur in response to fasting and refeeding, as part of the integrated adaptive mechanisms employed to adjust to major changes in nutritional status. In the present study the effects of fasting and refeeding on insulin-receptor, actin and myosin mRNA levels in skeletal muscle, and insulin-receptor and(More)