Rachel M. Gerstein

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Signaling by the transmembrane receptor Notch is critical for T lineage development, but progenitor subsets that first receive Notch signals have not been defined. Here we identify an immature subset of early T lineage progenitors (ETPs) in the thymus that expressed the tyrosine kinase receptor Flt3 and had preserved B lineage potential at low progenitor(More)
Mutations in the Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) gene have been linked to severe early B cell developmental blocks in human X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA), and to milder B cell activation deficiencies in murine X-linked immune deficiency (Xid). To elucidate unequivocally potential Btk functions in mice, we generated mutations in embryonic stem cells,(More)
The rate of pathogen clearance is a critical determinant of morbidity and mortality. We sought to characterize the immune response responsible for the remarkably rapid clearance of individual episodes of bacteremia caused by the relapsing fever bacterium, Borrelia hermsii. SCID or Rag(-/-) mice were incapable of resolving B. hermsii infection, indicating a(More)
Wnt5a is a member of the Wnt family of secreted glycoproteins that play essential organizing roles in development. Similar to other Wnt members, Wnt5a can upregulate cell proliferation and has been proposed to have oncogenic function. Here we report that Wnt5a signals through the noncanonical Wnt/Ca++ pathway to suppress cyclin D1 expression and negatively(More)
Many microbial pathogens employ antigenic variation as a strategy to evade the immune system, posing a challenge in vaccine development. To understand the requirements for immunity against such pathogens, we studied Borrelia hermsii, a relapsing fever bacterium. We found that mice deficient in T, follicular B, marginal zone B, or B1a lymphocytes resolved B.(More)
Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein that synthesizes telomeric DNA at the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes. It has been hypothesized that telomerase activity is necessary for cellular immortalization and that telomerase activity is present in cells of germline origin. The objective of the present study was to determine the level of telomerase activity in the(More)
Coeliac disease (CD), an inflammatory enteropathy, is believed to be caused by immune sensitivity to ingested gluten. T-cell activation appears to be implicated in the disease although little is known regarding the role of T-cell subsets, Th1/Th2, and the cytokines they secrete. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to examine the mRNA(More)
Little is known about the signals that promote early B lineage differentiation from common lymphoid progenitors (CLPs). Using a stromal-free culture system, we show that interleukin (IL)-7 is sufficient to promote the in vitro differentiation of CLPs into B220(+) CD19(+) B lineage progenitors. Consistent with current models of early B cell development,(More)
Expression of V(D)J recombinase activity in developing lymphocytes is absolutely required for initiation of V(D)J recombination at antigen receptor loci. However, little is known about when during hematopoietic development the V(D)J recombinase is first active, nor is it known what elements activate the recombinase in multipotent hematopoietic progenitors.(More)
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive malignancy largely caused by aberrant activation of the TAL1/SCL, LMO1/2, and NOTCH1 oncogenes. Approximately 30% of T-ALL patients relapse, and evidence is emerging that relapse may result from a failure to eliminate leukemia-initiating cells (LICs). Thymic expression of the Tal1 and Lmo2(More)