Rachel Lennon

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Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of renal failure in the world. It is characterized by albuminuria and abnormal glomerular function and is considered a hyperglycemic "microvascular" complication of diabetes, implying a primary defect in the endothelium. However, we have previously shown that human podocytes have robust responses to insulin. To(More)
The leading causes of albuminuria and end-stage renal failure are secondary to abnormalities in the production or cellular action of insulin, including diabetes and hyperinsulinemic metabolic syndrome. The human glomerular podocyte is a critical cell for maintaining the filtration barrier of the kidney and preventing albuminuria. We have recently shown this(More)
Microalbuminuria is significant both as the earliest stage of diabetic nephropathy and as an independent cardiovascular risk factor in nondiabetic subjects, in whom it is associated with insulin resistance. The link between disorders of cellular insulin metabolism and albuminuria has been elusive. Here, we report using novel conditionally immortalized human(More)
Complement factor H (CFH) regulates complement activation in host tissues through its recognition of polyanions, which mediate CFH binding to host cell surfaces and extracellular matrix, promoting the deactivation of deposited C3b. These polyanions include heparan sulfate (HS), a glycosaminoglycan with a highly diverse range of structures, for which two(More)
Podocytes are critical in maintaining the filtration barrier of the glomerulus and are dependent on the slit diaphragm (SD) proteins nephrin, podocin, and CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) to function optimally. The effects of normal human plasma and nephrotic plasma on podocytes were tested, focusing particularly on the SD complex. With the use of a(More)
BACKGROUND Prognostic factors and outcome are incompletely known in childhood mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis (MCGN). This study aimed to correlate renal outcome with clinical and histopathological variables. METHODS We conducted a two-centre retrospective analysis of children with MCGN. RESULTS Fifty-three children presented at a mean age of 8.8(More)
BACKGROUND Cellular insulin resistance is the hallmark of type 2 diabetes and predominantly affects adipose and muscle cells. The saturated free fatty acid palmitate is elevated in insulin-resistant states and may directly contribute to cellular insulin resistance. A spectrum of renal disease is associated with increased markers of insulin resistance,(More)
Here, we show that epithelial-mesenchymal status influences how cells deposit extracellular matrix. Retinal pigmented epithelial (RPE) cells that expressed high levels of E-cadherin and had cell-cell junctions rich in zona occludens (ZO)-1, β-catenin and heparan sulfate, required syndecan-4 but not fibronectin or protein kinase C α (PKCα) to assemble(More)
Hemopexin is an abundant plasma protein that effectively scavenges heme. When infused into rats, hemopexin induces reversible proteinuria, and activated hemopexin is increased in children with minimal change nephrotic syndrome. These observations suggest a role for hemopexin in glomerular disease; in this study, the effects of active hemopexin on human(More)
The aim of our study was to determine the clinical course of children with idiopathic childhood nephrotic syndrome (ICNS) who received intravenous methylprednisolone (ivMP) following failure to achieve remission with standard oral prednisolone therapy. This study was designed as a retrospective case record review from 1993 to 2007. Sixteen children received(More)