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As part of our ongoing research program aimed at the identification of highly potent, selective, and systemically active agonists for group II metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors, we have prepared novel heterobicyclic amino acids (-)-2-oxa-4-aminobicyclo[3.1. 0]hexane-4,6-dicarboxylate (LY379268, (-)-9) and(More)
Here we describe the sustained expression of transgenes introduced into human embryonic stem (ES) cells using self-inactivating lentiviral vectors. At low multiplicity of infection, vesicular stomatitis virus-pseudotyped vectors containing a green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgene under the control of a human elongation factor 1alpha promoter transduced(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels, is an integral part of both normal developmental processes and numerous pathologies, ranging from tumor growth and metastasis to inflammation and ocular disease. Angiogenesis assays are used to test efficacy of both pro- and antiangiogenic agents. METHODS Most studies of angiogenesis inducers(More)
Methods for the rapid identification of defined cell growth conditions are lacking. This deficiency is a major barrier to the investigation and application of human embryonic stem (ES) cells. To address this problem, we developed a method for generating arrays of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) in which each element constitutes a defined surface. By(More)
The human/sheep xenograft model has proven valuable in assessing the in vivo hematopoietic activity of stem cells from a variety of fetal and postnatal human sources. CD34+/lineage- or CD34+/CD38- cells isolated from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) differentiated on S17 feeder layer were transplanted by intraperitoneal injections into fetal sheep.(More)
The past decade has been characterized by few advances regarding the pathophysiology and prevention but many changes in the clinical treatment of patients with preeclampsia. Specifically, recommendations have been made for home or day-care management of a select group of patients with mild gestational hypertension or preeclampsia. Moreover, three randomized(More)
OBJECTIVE Human embryonic stem (ES) cells provide a unique model for studying the development and function of human tissues and have proven utility in a number of areas. However, results from ES cell-based studies have been limited by the paucity of information available about early human hematopoietic development. METHODS To better understand early(More)
We have used rhesus monkey embryonic stem (ES) cells to study endothelial cell development. Rhesus ES cells (R366.4 cell line) exposed to medium containing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), insulin-like growth factor (IGF), and epidermal growth factor (EGF) assumed a relatively uniform endothelial cell(More)
A new method for the fabrication of arrays of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of alkane thiols (ATs) on gold to combinatorially assay surfaces for cell adhesion is reported. A fluorous SAM, which is both cytophobic and solvophobic, was used as the background between the array features. The resulting solvophobic background permits the application of an(More)
PURPOSE Mendelian disorders are most commonly caused by mutations identifiable by DNA sequencing. Exonic deletions and duplications can go undetected by sequencing, and their frequency in most Mendelian disorders is unknown. METHODS We designed an array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) test with probes in exonic regions of 589 genes. Targeted(More)