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Tauopathies are neurodegenerative diseases characterized by aggregation of the microtubule-associated protein Tau in neurons and glia. Although Tau is normally considered an intracellular protein, Tau aggregates are observed in the extracellular space, and Tau peptide is readily detected in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients. Tau aggregation occurs in many(More)
Recent experimental evidence suggests that transcellular propagation of fibrillar protein aggregates drives the progression of neurodegenerative diseases in a prion-like manner. This phenomenon is now well described in cell and animal models and involves the release of protein aggregates into the extracellular space. Free aggregates then enter neighboring(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the human EPHX2 gene have recently been implicated in susceptibility to cardiovascular disease, including stroke. EPHX2 encodes for soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), an important enzyme in the metabolic breakdown of arachidonic acid-derived eicosanoids referred to as epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs). We previously(More)
We previously demonstrated that the neuropeptide cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) is protective against focal cerebral ischemia in vivo and against neuronal cell death in culture induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD). The mechanism of neuroprotection by CART is unknown, in part due to lack of knowledge regarding its putative(More)
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