Rachel L. Berry

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Wt1 regulates the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the epicardium and the reverse process (MET) in kidney mesenchyme. The mechanisms underlying these reciprocal functions are unknown. Here, we show in both embryos and cultured cells that Wt1 regulates Wnt4 expression dichotomously. In kidney cells, Wt1 recruits Cbp and p300 as coactivators; in(More)
Fuelled by the obesity epidemic, there is considerable interest in the developmental origins of white adipose tissue (WAT) and the stem and progenitor cells from which it arises. Whereas increased visceral fat mass is associated with metabolic dysfunction, increased subcutaneous WAT is protective. There are six visceral fat depots: perirenal, gonadal,(More)
Ras activating mutations result in constitutive activation of Ras signalling pathways and occur in 30% of human malignancies. K-ras encodes two splice variants, K-ras 4A and 4B, and K-ras activating mutations which jointly affect both isoforms are prevalent in lung, pancreatic and colorectal cancers. Using RT-PCR we examined their expression in normal adult(More)
Glandular organs require the development of a correctly patterned epithelial tree. These arise by iterative branching: early branches have a stereotyped anatomy, while subsequent branching is more flexible, branches spacing out to avoid entanglement. Previous studies have suggested different genetic programs are responsible for these two classes of(More)
There is much interest in the mechanisms that regulate adult tissue homeostasis and their relationship to processes governing foetal development. Mice deleted for the Wilms' tumour gene, Wt1, lack kidneys, gonads, and spleen and die at mid-gestation due to defective coronary vasculature. Wt1 is vital for maintaining the mesenchymal-epithelial balance in(More)
Strain C39217-R109-7 (ATCC 53791) is an actinomycete strain isolated from a soil sample collected at Puerto Viejo, Peru. It produces a new antitumor antibiotic, designated pyrrolosporin A. Taxonomic studies on its morphological, cultural and physiological characteristics identified this producing strain as Micromonospora sp. C39217-R109-7. Pyrrolosporin A(More)
Ras proteins function as molecular switches in signal transduction pathways, and, here, we examined the effects of the K-ras4A and 4B splice variants on cell function by comparing wild-type embryonic stem (ES) cells with K-ras(tmDelta4A/tmDelta4A) (exon 4A knock-out) ES cells which express K-ras4B only and K-ras(-/-) (exons 1-3 knock-out) ES cells which(More)
Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUTs) are common disorders of human development affecting the renal parechyma, renal pelvis, ureter, bladder and urethra; they show evidence of shared genetic aetiology, although the molecular basis of this remains unknown in the majority of cases. Breakpoint mapping of a de novo, apparently balanced,(More)
Denys-Drash syndrome (DDS) is caused by heterozygous mutations of the Wilms’ tumour suppressor gene, WT1, characterised by early-onset diffuse mesangial sclerosis often associated with male pseudohermaphroditism and/or Wilms’ tumourigenesis. Previously, we reported that the Wt1 tmT396 allele induces DDS kidney disease in mice. In the present study(More)
Micromonospora sp C39500, isolated in our laboratory from a soil sample, produced a complex of seven novel depsipeptide antitumor antibiotics, designated korkormicins. The major component of the complex, korkormicin A, has a MW of 1452 and a molecular formula of C66H84N16O22. Korkormicin A exhibits potentin vivo antitumor activity against P388 leukemia and(More)