Rachel L. Anderson

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To determine if adequate syringe coverage --"one shot for one syringe"--among syringe exchange program (SEP) clients is associated with injection-related HIV risk behaviors and syringe disposal. DESIGN HIV risk assessments with 1577 injection drug users (IDUs) recruited from 24 SEPs in California between 2001 and 2003. Individual syringe(More)
The ancestral Rab GTPase Rab18 and both subunits of the Rab3GAP complex are mutated in the human neurological and developmental disorder Warburg Micro syndrome. Here, we demonstrate that the Rab3GAP complex is a specific Rab18 guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF). The Rab3GAP complex localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and is necessary for ER(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial hemorrhage after myocardial infarction (MI) usually goes undetected. We investigated the diagnostic accuracy of bright-blood T(2)-weighted cardiac MRI for myocardial hemorrhage in experimental MI. METHODS AND RESULTS MI was created in swine by occluding the left anterior descending (n=10) or circumflex (n=5) coronary arteries for 90(More)
Observations of the large earth bumblebee, Bombus terrestris (L.), in native vegetation were collated to determine the extent to which this exotic species has invaded Tasmanian native vegetation during the first 9 years after its introduction. The range of B. terrestris now encompasses all of Tasmania’s major vegetation types, altitudes from sea level to(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether palliative care teams can improve patient, family and staff satisfaction for patients receiving end-of-life care in the intensive care unit and reduce surrogate markers of health care costs. DESIGN Randomised controlled, feasibility study. SETTING 14-bed general ICU over 29 months in 2006-2008. PARTICIPANTS Patients(More)
The resurgence of tuberculosis (TB) has coincided with deteriorating access to care for high-risk populations. We sought to determine what perceived access barriers delayed symptomatic TB patients from obtaining care. In order to do this, we conducted a survey in Los Angeles County, California, using a consecutive sample of patients with active TB as(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to examine correlates of sexual risk among injection drug users (IDUs). STUDY A total of 1445 IDUs were recruited from California syringe exchange programs. RESULTS Consistent condom use was independently related to being HIV-positive, having multiple sex partners, not having a steady partner, not sharing(More)
AIM To determine whether syringe exchange programs' (SEPs) dispensation policy is associated with syringe coverage among SEP clients. DESIGN Cross-sectional samples of SEPs and their clients. SETTING SEPs in California, USA. PARTICIPANTS Twenty-four SEPs and their injection drug using (IDU) clients (n = 1576). MEASUREMENTS Clients were classified as(More)
While there have been numerous papers published in the medical, social, and epidemiologic literature about the effectiveness of syringe exchange programs (SEPs), few papers identify operational characteristics of the SEPs they study or assess which of those characteristics are associated with optimal HIV risk reduction among clients. The objective of this(More)
Legislation passed in 2000 allowed syringe exchange programs (SEPs) in California to operate legally if local jurisdictions declare a local HIV public health emergency. Nonetheless, even in locales where SEPs are legal, the possession of drug paraphernalia, including syringes, remained illegal. The objective of this paper is to examine the association(More)