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Over the past years Shiga-like toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 emerged as an important cause of severe gastrointestinal illnesses and haemolytic-uraemic syndrome (HUS) with up to 10% of children infected with STEC developing HUS. We conducted a geographical ecological study using the district as the statistical unit. For each district, we(More)
UNLABELLED Study Type - Diagnostic (exploratory cohort) Level of Evidence 2b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? PCA3 scores correlate to numerous histoprognostic factors, specifically tumour volume and positive surgical margins. These results may have a clinical impact in the near future on the selection of patients eligible to(More)
INTRODUCTION Pertussis (whooping cough) is a toxic bacterial infection caused mainly by Bordetella pertussis. In mid-January 2006, several cases of pertussis were diagnosed in a military boarding-school. An investigation was carried out at the end of January to identify the risk factors for infection and to evaluate the efficacy of vaccination. SUBJECTS(More)
The aim of the current study is to describe the consumption rate of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis in the French Army. A cross-sectional two strata randomized survey was performed between October 2006 and March 2007 using self-report questionnaires (n = 990) to collect individual characteristics, consumption, and addictive behaviors with urinal tests for(More)
BACKGROUND In the face of the A(H1N1) 2009 influenza pandemic, in October 2009 the French military health service (SSA) initiated a large vaccination campaign with Pandemrix(®) vaccine in the military forces. The aim of this study was to describe vaccine adverse events (VAE) reported during this campaign. METHODS VAE and the number of people vaccinated(More)
OBJECTIVES In September 2009, an increase in seasonal influenza vaccine adverse events (VAE), compared with reports for previous years, was detected among the French armed forces in the setting of an extended immunization campaign. This work presents the results of this investigation. STUDY DESIGN VAE were surveyed among all French military personnel from(More)
We report 2 outbreaks of Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive, doxycycline-resistant, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus infections in French soldiers operating in Côte d'Ivoire. In a transssectional survey, nasal carriage of this strain was found in 2.9% of 273 soldiers about to be sent to Côte d'Ivoire and was associated with prior malaria(More)
To the Editor: In January 2005, the chief surgeon in a squadron of French policemen reported a cluster of Plasmodium vivax malaria attacks in troops returning from a 108-day operation in French Guiana. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to describe the malaria attacks and determine factors related to them. A self-administered questionnaire was drawn(More)
OBJECTIVES An outbreak of A(H1N1) virus influenza, detected in Mexico during April 2009, spread around the world in nine weeks. French armed forces had to adapt their epidemiological surveillance systems to this pandemic. Our aim was to present surveillance results. DESIGN There are two influenza surveillance systems in French armed forces: one permanent(More)
OBJECTIVES Seasickness occurs when traveling on a boat: symptoms such as vomiting are very disturbing and may be responsible for discontinuing travel or occupation and can become life-threatening. The failure of classical treatment to prevent seasickness has motivated this retrospective study exploring optokinetic stimulation in reducing these symptoms. (More)