Rachel Golub

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Little is known about hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) development from mesoderm. To gain more information on the intraembryonic HSC site of origin, we purified multipotent hematopoietic progenitors from the aorta-gonads-mesonephros (AGM) of mice. This population, expressing c-Kit, AA4.1, CD31, and CD41, but not Flk1, and mainly negative for CD45, proved(More)
The transcription factor RORγt is required for the development of several innate lymphoid populations, such as lymphoid tissue-inducer cells (LTi cells) and cells that secrete interleukin 17 (IL-17) or IL-22. The progenitor cells as well as the developmental stages that lead to the emergence of RORγt(+) innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) remain undefined. Here we(More)
Immunization with superantigen in vivo induces transient activation of superantigen-specific T cells, followed by a superantigen-nonresponsive state. In this study, using a TCR alpha knock-in mouse in which the knock-in alpha-chain can be replaced with endogenous alpha-chain through secondary rearrangement, we show that immunization of superantigen changes(More)
Inflammation triggers the differentiation of Ly6Chi monocytes into microbicidal macrophages or monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs). Yet, it is unclear whether environmental inflammatory cues control the polarization of monocytes toward each of these fates or whether specialized monocyte progenitor subsets exist before inflammation. Here, we have shown(More)
The Ig and T cell receptor (TCR) loci have an exceptionally dynamic evolutionary history, but the mechanisms responsible remain a subject of speculation. Ig and TCR genes are unique in vertebrates in that they are assembled from V, D, and J segments by site-specific recombination in developing lymphocytes. Here we examine the extent to which the V(D)J(More)
It has long been appreciated that some immunoglobulin (and T-cell receptor) gene segments are used much more frequently than others. The VHsegment V81x is a particularly striking case of overusage. Its usage varies with the stage of B-cell development and with the strain of mice, but it is always high in B cell progenitors. We have found that the coding(More)
Primary myelofibrosis is a myeloproliferative neoplasm that is a precursor to myeloid leukemia. Dysmegakaryopoiesis and extramedullary hematopoiesis characterize primary myelofibrosis, which is also associated with bone marrow stromal alterations marked by fibrosis, neoangiogenesis, and osteomyelosclerosis. In particular, contributions to primary(More)
For the formation of lymph nodes and Peyer's patches, lymphoid tissue inducer (LTi) cells are crucial in triggering stromal cells to recruit and retain hematopoietic cells. Although LTi cells have been observed in fetal spleen, not much is known about fetal spleen development and the role of LTi cells in this process. Here, we show that LTi cells collect in(More)
 The immune capacity of young and adult axolotls (Ambystoma mexicanum) was evaluated by examining the combinatorial and junctional diversity of the VH chain. A large number of VDJ rearrangements isolated from 2.5-, 3.5-, 10-, and 24-month-old animals were sequenced. Six JH segments were identified with the canonical structure of all known vertebrate JHs,(More)
Using a TCRalpha chain knock-in mouse, we demonstrate that V-gene replacement can operate in the T cell receptor alpha locus. Functional TCRalpha chain transcripts generated by Valpha-gene replacement at the site of the Valpha-embedded heptamer were identified in splenic T cells. This finding shows that Valpha-gene replacement can likely be used to shape(More)