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Several genetic forms of human dwarfism have been linked to activating mutations in FGF receptor 3, indicating that FGF signaling has a critical role in chondrocyte maturation and skeletal development. However, the mechanisms through which FGFs affect chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation remain poorly understood. We show here that activation of FGF(More)
We have studied the pathogenesis of influenza virus infection in mice that are unable to respond to type I or II interferons due to a targeted disruption of the STAT1 gene. STAT1-/- animals are 100-fold more sensitive to lethal infection with influenza A/WSN/33 virus than are their wild-type (WT) counterparts. Virus replicated only in the lungs of WT(More)
STAT3 has been described as an essential component of G-CSF-driven cell proliferation and granulopoiesis. This notion was tested by conditional gene ablation in transgenic mice. Contrary to expectation, granulocytes developed from STAT3 null bone marrow progenitors, and STAT3 null neutrophils displayed mature effector functions. Rather than a deficit in(More)
NK cell functions were examined in mice with a targeted mutation of the STAT1 gene, an essential mediator of IFN signaling. Mice deficient in STAT1 displayed impaired basal NK cytolytic activity in vitro and were unable to reject transplanted tumors in vivo, despite the presence of normal numbers of NK cells. IL-12 enhanced NK-mediated cytolysis, but(More)
Lymphocytes derived from mice deficient in STAT1 showed reduced apoptosis and enhanced proliferation in vitro. To understand the involvement of STAT1 in the observed reduction in apoptosis, we examined the levels of caspase and bcl-2 family genes that are involved in cell survival and/or apoptosis. The levels of caspase 1 and 11, two enzymes involved in(More)
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