Rachel Enriquez

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OBJECTIVE Our goal was to determine whether maternal asthma and maternal smoking during pregnancy are associated with the incidence and severity of clinically significant bronchiolitis in term, otherwise healthy infants without the confounding factors of small lung size or underlying cardiac or pulmonary disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted a(More)
OBJECTIVES The goals were to estimate the year-round burden of health care visits attributable to bronchiolitis and to identify risk factors for bronchiolitis in term healthy infants. METHODS We conducted a population-based, retrospective cohort study of 103 670 term, non-low birth weight infants enrolled in Tennessee Medicaid in 1995-2003. We monitored(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma is a common condition during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine the effect of asthma on the rates of adverse pregnancy and fetal outcomes. METHODS We identified pregnancies among black and white women age 15 to 44 with singleton gestations enrolled in the Tennessee Medicaid program over a period of 9 consecutive years, from(More)
BACKGROUND Prevalence of asthma in developed countries increased between the 1970s and the 1990s. One factor that might contribute to the trends in asthma is the increased use of acetaminophen vs aspirin in children and pregnant women. OBJECTIVE To examine relationships between in utero exposure to acetaminophen and incidence of respiratory symptoms in(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to determine whether women alter their use of asthma medications during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN Weekly asthma medication use was determined from prescription claims data in a cohort of 112,171 pregnant women aged 15 to 44 years who were continuously enrolled in the Tennessee Medicaid program prior to their(More)
We determined the prevalence of human metapneumovirus (hMPV) infection in adults with asthma who were prospectively enrolled after hospitalization for an acute asthma exacerbation. Nasal wash specimens collected at admission and 3 months after discharge were tested for hMPV by real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction assays. hMPV was(More)
BACKGROUND In the last 3 decades, there has been an unexplained increase in the prevalence of asthma and hay fever. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine whether there is an association between childhood vaccination and atopic diseases, and we assessed the self-reported prevalence of atopic diseases in a population that included a large number of families not(More)
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