Rachel E Gregory

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C-reactive protein (CRP) is a pattern-recognition molecule, which can bind to phosphorylcholine and certain phosphorylated carbohydrates found on the surface of a number of microorganisms. CRP has been shown recently to bind human Fc receptor for immunoglobulin G (IgG; FcgammaR)I and mediate phagocytosis and signaling through the gamma-chain. To date,(More)
Starvation and elastase-induced changes in rat lung structure, biochemistry, and function were compared as models of human pulmonary emphysema. Ten-week-old male rats were instilled intratracheally with either porcine pancreatic elastase in saline (E) or with saline alone. A group of the saline-instilled rats were fed one third of their normal food intake(More)
Plasma methotrexate (MTX) concentrations were measured following intrathecal (IT) MTX treatment in four patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia and acute renal dysfunction. All four patients had raised serum MTX concentrations to potentially cytotoxic concentrations for a prolonged period of time, (96-120 h). In contrast, serum MTX concentrations after the(More)
Plasma protein S-sulfonate compounds (RS-SO-3) have previously been shown to form, presumably by sulfitolysis of disulfide bonds, as a result of exposure to sulfite. In the investigations reported here, we identify two proteins in rabbit plasma, namely albumin and plasma fibronectin, which contain reactive sites for S-sulfonate formation. Separation and(More)
An in vitro model of lung alveolar tissue was developed by growing rat lung epithelial cells of Type II origin on hydrated collagen gels and subsequently maintaining the cultures at an air/liquid interface. The cultures provide a system to expose lung cells directly to toxic aerosols, fumes and gases. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) was used to test the(More)
Lung disease may result from a persisting proteinase excess or a depletion of antiproteinase in pulmonary parenchyma. We investigated the in vivo effect of a 48-hr exposure to ozone at 0.5, 1.0, or 1.5 ppm on proteinase and antiproteinase activity of rat lungs. Elastase inhibitory capacities of serum, lung tissue, and airway washings were measured as(More)
The pulmonary biochemical and morphological changes resulting from the inhalation of relatively low levels of NO2 for up to 15 wk were investigated. Specific pathogen-free Fischer 344 rats were exposed to 0, 1, or 5 ppm NO2 or 1 ppm with two spikes to 5 ppm NO2 for 7 h/d, 5 d/wk for up to 15 wk. These exposures produced a mild concentration-related(More)
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